Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential ability of autologous conditioned serum (ACS) to decrease pain and improve joint functionality in patients affected by knee osteoarthritis (OA). Methods: Fifteen patients with clinical and radiological signs of OA of the knee were recruited for this study. Each patient received 4 injections of ACS (Orthokine; orthogen, Dusseldorf, Germany) at the site of OA once per week for 4 weeks. Clinical and functional evaluation was performed using the VAS scale for pain, WOMAC scale and KSS functional and clinical scores before the first injection, at one week, at two weeks, at three weeks, at one month and at six months. Statistical analysis was done with the Wilcoxon Signed-Rank Test. Results: Our results show an improvement of all the evaluation scales at 6 months follow-up. Particularly, VAS scales among all patients decreased by 35.8% (p = .00148), KSS functional scores improved by 38.2% (p = .00148), KSS clinical scores improved by 28.9% (p = .00236) and WOMAC scores were reduced by 19.8% (p = .00188). Few adverse effects were observed in our sample. The most common complaint was pain and swelling in the subsequent days after performing the intra-articular injection. Only one patient reported rigidity following the injection of the ACS. Conclusion: Our results, in conjunction with preexisting studies in the medical literature regarding ACS, demonstrate the viability of this therapy for the treatment of knee OA, showing positive influence on pain and joint function without significant adverse effects.
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