Purpose: We aimed to explore the role of drugs re-challenge at the disease progression after a chemotherapy-free interval for pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC) patients. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the outcome of re-treatments at the progression in two cohorts of advanced PDAC patients who had disease control (DC) and a treatment holiday ≥ 3 months after upfront chemotherapy. Results: Between 2015 and 2019, 66 advanced PDAC patients (cohort A) had DC with nab-paclitaxel-based chemotherapy (i.e. AG or PAXG = cisplatin, nab-paclitaxel, gemcitabine, capecitabine). At the time of progressive disease (PD), 34 patients were re-treated with AG (A1) and 32 were treated with other regimens (A2). The median (m) duration of chemotherapy holiday was 6.1 and 5.9 months in A1 and A2, respectively. Partial response (PR) and stable disease (SD) were found in 14 (41%) and 12 (35%) of patients in A1 and in 8 (25%) and 6 (19%) patients in A2. CA19-9 response was recorded in 23/33 evaluable patients (70%) in A1 and in 5/20 (25%) in A2. mPFS2 and mOS2, defined as the time between the second line of treatment start and the disease progression or death, were 4.8 and 12.2 months in A1 and 3.9 and 8.4 months in A2, respectively. Similarly, between 2006 and 2013, 64 patients (cohort B) had DC with upfront PEFG/PEXG/PDXG regimens (epirubicin or docetaxel, cisplatin, gemcitabine, capecitabine or 5-fluorouracil) and were re-treated at PD with either 4-drug (B1; N = 30) or other regimens (B2; N = 34), yielding a mOS2 of 10.9 and 7.2 months, respectively. Conclusion: Our data endorse the strategy of resuming prior drugs after a chemotherapy holiday ≥ 3 months in advanced PDAC patients who achieved a durable disease control after upfront treatments.

Exploring chemotherapy holiday and drugs re-challenge in advanced pancreatic cancer patients / Macchini, M.; Peretti, U.; Orsi, G.; Zanon, S.; Mazza, E.; Valente, M. M.; Tamburrino, D.; Belfiori, G.; Rossi, G.; Testoni, S. G. G.; Passoni, P.; Doglioni, C.; Cascinu, S.; Reni, M.. - In: CANCER CHEMOTHERAPY AND PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0344-5704. - (2020). [10.1007/s00280-020-04190-1]

Exploring chemotherapy holiday and drugs re-challenge in advanced pancreatic cancer patients

Mazza E.;Rossi G.;Testoni S. G. G.;Doglioni C.;Cascinu S.;Reni M.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: We aimed to explore the role of drugs re-challenge at the disease progression after a chemotherapy-free interval for pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC) patients. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the outcome of re-treatments at the progression in two cohorts of advanced PDAC patients who had disease control (DC) and a treatment holiday ≥ 3 months after upfront chemotherapy. Results: Between 2015 and 2019, 66 advanced PDAC patients (cohort A) had DC with nab-paclitaxel-based chemotherapy (i.e. AG or PAXG = cisplatin, nab-paclitaxel, gemcitabine, capecitabine). At the time of progressive disease (PD), 34 patients were re-treated with AG (A1) and 32 were treated with other regimens (A2). The median (m) duration of chemotherapy holiday was 6.1 and 5.9 months in A1 and A2, respectively. Partial response (PR) and stable disease (SD) were found in 14 (41%) and 12 (35%) of patients in A1 and in 8 (25%) and 6 (19%) patients in A2. CA19-9 response was recorded in 23/33 evaluable patients (70%) in A1 and in 5/20 (25%) in A2. mPFS2 and mOS2, defined as the time between the second line of treatment start and the disease progression or death, were 4.8 and 12.2 months in A1 and 3.9 and 8.4 months in A2, respectively. Similarly, between 2006 and 2013, 64 patients (cohort B) had DC with upfront PEFG/PEXG/PDXG regimens (epirubicin or docetaxel, cisplatin, gemcitabine, capecitabine or 5-fluorouracil) and were re-treated at PD with either 4-drug (B1; N = 30) or other regimens (B2; N = 34), yielding a mOS2 of 10.9 and 7.2 months, respectively. Conclusion: Our data endorse the strategy of resuming prior drugs after a chemotherapy holiday ≥ 3 months in advanced PDAC patients who achieved a durable disease control after upfront treatments.
2020
Chemotherapy holiday
Nab-paclitaxel
Pancreatic cancer
Re-challenge
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/108726
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