Background: The possible benefit of frozen section (FS) analysis during (PD) for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and of additional resection up to total pancreatectomy (TP) is debated. Aim of this work is to evaluate the prognostic role of positive FS analysis after PD for PDAC. Methods: Multicentric retrospective analysis on prospective databases of three institutions. Based on FS analysis patients were classified as FS negative/FS positive. All positive FS patients underwent extended PD (EPD) or TP. Postoperative outcomes, disease-free (DFS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) were evaluated. Results: Of 371 patients, 58 (16%) had positive FS. This resulted in 313 (84%) SPD (standard pancreatoduodenectomy), 22 (6%) EPD and 36 (10%) TP. Postoperative mortality was higher in patients undergoing TP (11% compared to 4.5% in EPD and 1% in SPD; p = 0.01). 26% of patients underwent neoadjuvant therapy, and it did not decrease the rate of positive FS. Systemic/local relapse rates were 59% and 41% in negative FS group, and 78% and 22% in positive FS group (p = 0.031). Median DFS and DSS were 20 and 37 months in negative FS group, and 12 and 23 months in positive FS patients (p = 0.001). Independent predictors of recurrence were G3, N1/N2 status and positive FS. R1 resection, G3, N1/N2 status, perineural invasion and positive FS were independent predictors of DSS. Conclusions: Positive FS analysis is a poor prognostic factor after PD for PDAC. It is significantly associated with a high rate of R1 resection at final histology, PDAC recurrence and poor survival.

Positive neck margin at frozen section analysis is a significant predictor of tumour recurrence and poor survival after pancreatodudenectomy for pancreatic cancer

Crippa S.;Partelli S.;Pagnanelli M.;Gasparini G.;Doglioni C.;Falconi M.
2020-01-01

Abstract

Background: The possible benefit of frozen section (FS) analysis during (PD) for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) and of additional resection up to total pancreatectomy (TP) is debated. Aim of this work is to evaluate the prognostic role of positive FS analysis after PD for PDAC. Methods: Multicentric retrospective analysis on prospective databases of three institutions. Based on FS analysis patients were classified as FS negative/FS positive. All positive FS patients underwent extended PD (EPD) or TP. Postoperative outcomes, disease-free (DFS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) were evaluated. Results: Of 371 patients, 58 (16%) had positive FS. This resulted in 313 (84%) SPD (standard pancreatoduodenectomy), 22 (6%) EPD and 36 (10%) TP. Postoperative mortality was higher in patients undergoing TP (11% compared to 4.5% in EPD and 1% in SPD; p = 0.01). 26% of patients underwent neoadjuvant therapy, and it did not decrease the rate of positive FS. Systemic/local relapse rates were 59% and 41% in negative FS group, and 78% and 22% in positive FS group (p = 0.031). Median DFS and DSS were 20 and 37 months in negative FS group, and 12 and 23 months in positive FS patients (p = 0.001). Independent predictors of recurrence were G3, N1/N2 status and positive FS. R1 resection, G3, N1/N2 status, perineural invasion and positive FS were independent predictors of DSS. Conclusions: Positive FS analysis is a poor prognostic factor after PD for PDAC. It is significantly associated with a high rate of R1 resection at final histology, PDAC recurrence and poor survival.
2020
Frozen section
Pancreatic cancer
Pancreatodudenectomy
Recurrence
Survival
Total pancreatectomy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/108860
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