Objective: To study the longitudinal disease course of Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients with glucocerebrosidase (GBA) mutation (GBA-positive) compared to PD non-carriers (GBA-negative) along a 5-year follow-up, evaluating changes in clinical and cognitive outcomes, cortical thickness, and gray-matter (GM) volumes. Methods: Ten GBA-positive and 20 GBA-negative PD patients underwent clinical, neuropsychological, and MRI assessments (cortical thickness and subcortical, hippocampal, and amygdala volumes) at study entry and once a year for 5 years. At baseline and at the last visit, each group of patients was compared with 22 age-matched healthy controls. Clinical, cognitive, and MRI features were compared between groups at baseline and over time. Results: At baseline, GBA-positive and GBA-negative PD patients had similar clinical and cognitive profiles. Compared to GBA-negative and controls, GBA-positive patients showed cortical thinning of left temporal, parietal, and occipital gyri. Over time, compared to GBA-negative, GBA-positive PD patients progressed significantly in motor and cognitive symptoms, and showed a greater pattern of cortical thinning of posterior regions, and frontal and orbito-frontal cortices. After 5 years, compared to controls, GBA-negative PD patients showed a pattern of cortical thinning similar to that showed by GBA-positive cases at baseline. The two groups of patients showed similar patterns of subcortical, hippocampal, and amygdala volume loss over time. Conclusions: Compared to GBA-negative PD, GBA-positive patients experienced a more rapid motor and cognitive decline together with a greater, earlier and faster cortical thinning. Cortical thickness measures may be a useful tool for monitoring and predicting PD progression in accordance with the genetic background.

Longitudinal clinical, cognitive, and neuroanatomical changes over 5 years in GBA-positive Parkinson’s disease patients / Leocadi, M.; Canu, E.; Donzuso, G.; Stojkovic, T.; Basaia, S.; Kresojevic, N.; Stankovic, I.; Sarasso, E.; Piramide, N.; Tomic, A.; Markovic, V.; Petrovic, I.; Stefanova, E.; Kostic, V. S.; Filippi, M.; Agosta, F.. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY. - ISSN 0340-5354. - 269(2022), pp. 1485-1500. [10.1007/s00415-021-10713-4]

Longitudinal clinical, cognitive, and neuroanatomical changes over 5 years in GBA-positive Parkinson’s disease patients

Leocadi M.;Basaia S.;Piramide N.;Filippi M.;Agosta F.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Objective: To study the longitudinal disease course of Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients with glucocerebrosidase (GBA) mutation (GBA-positive) compared to PD non-carriers (GBA-negative) along a 5-year follow-up, evaluating changes in clinical and cognitive outcomes, cortical thickness, and gray-matter (GM) volumes. Methods: Ten GBA-positive and 20 GBA-negative PD patients underwent clinical, neuropsychological, and MRI assessments (cortical thickness and subcortical, hippocampal, and amygdala volumes) at study entry and once a year for 5 years. At baseline and at the last visit, each group of patients was compared with 22 age-matched healthy controls. Clinical, cognitive, and MRI features were compared between groups at baseline and over time. Results: At baseline, GBA-positive and GBA-negative PD patients had similar clinical and cognitive profiles. Compared to GBA-negative and controls, GBA-positive patients showed cortical thinning of left temporal, parietal, and occipital gyri. Over time, compared to GBA-negative, GBA-positive PD patients progressed significantly in motor and cognitive symptoms, and showed a greater pattern of cortical thinning of posterior regions, and frontal and orbito-frontal cortices. After 5 years, compared to controls, GBA-negative PD patients showed a pattern of cortical thinning similar to that showed by GBA-positive cases at baseline. The two groups of patients showed similar patterns of subcortical, hippocampal, and amygdala volume loss over time. Conclusions: Compared to GBA-negative PD, GBA-positive patients experienced a more rapid motor and cognitive decline together with a greater, earlier and faster cortical thinning. Cortical thickness measures may be a useful tool for monitoring and predicting PD progression in accordance with the genetic background.
2022
Cortical thickness
GBA
Glucocerebrosidase gene
Magnetic resonance imaging
Parkinson’s disease
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/118111
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