We describe the case of a 71-yr-old woman with locally advanced muscle-invasive bladder cancer and stage III chronic kidney disease due to an obstructed nonfunctional left kidney. She was started on neoadjuvant immunotherapy, but had to stop treatment because of acute worsening of renal function. Radical cystectomy was then performed uneventfully, revealing pT3aN1 urothelial carcinoma of the bladder. Adjuvant chemotherapy in high-risk locally advanced bladder cancer after radical cystectomy currently poses several challenges, especially for cisplatin-ineligible candidates. Recent data on adjuvant immunotherapy trials suggest a disease-free survival advantage for this subgroup of patients. The current and future role of immuno-oncology agents in this setting is discussed. PATIENT SUMMARY: Patients with advanced bladder cancer might benefit from further chemotherapy or immunotherapy following bladder removal, but it is still unclear which patients benefit the most from this strategy. Measurement of biomarkers and scans to show urinary function will probably help in optimising patient selection for this treatment in the near future.

Adjuvant Systemic Therapy for High-risk Muscle-invasive Bladder Cancer After Radical Cystectomy: Current Options and Future Opportunities

Necchi, Andrea;
2021-01-01

Abstract

We describe the case of a 71-yr-old woman with locally advanced muscle-invasive bladder cancer and stage III chronic kidney disease due to an obstructed nonfunctional left kidney. She was started on neoadjuvant immunotherapy, but had to stop treatment because of acute worsening of renal function. Radical cystectomy was then performed uneventfully, revealing pT3aN1 urothelial carcinoma of the bladder. Adjuvant chemotherapy in high-risk locally advanced bladder cancer after radical cystectomy currently poses several challenges, especially for cisplatin-ineligible candidates. Recent data on adjuvant immunotherapy trials suggest a disease-free survival advantage for this subgroup of patients. The current and future role of immuno-oncology agents in this setting is discussed. PATIENT SUMMARY: Patients with advanced bladder cancer might benefit from further chemotherapy or immunotherapy following bladder removal, but it is still unclear which patients benefit the most from this strategy. Measurement of biomarkers and scans to show urinary function will probably help in optimising patient selection for this treatment in the near future.
2021
Adjuvant therapy
Chemotherapy
Cystectomy
Immuno-oncology
Immunotherapy
Muscle-invasive bladder cancer
Neoadjuvant therapy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/118355
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