Purpose: To determine whether Macklin effect (a linear collection of air contiguous to the bronchovascular sheath) on baseline CT imaging is an accurate predictor for subsequent pneumomediastinum (PMD)/pneumothorax (PNX) development in invasively ventilated patients with COVID-19-related acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Materials and methods: This is an observational, case-control study. From a prospectively acquired database, all consecutive invasively ventilated COVID-19 ARDS patients who underwent at least one baseline chest CT scan during the study time period (February 25th, 2020–December 31st, 2020) were identified; those who had tracheal lesion or already had PMD/PNX at the time of the first available chest imaging were excluded. Results: 37/173 (21.4%) patients enrolled had PMD/PNX; specifically, 20 (11.5%) had PMD, 10 (5.8%) PNX, 7 (4%) both. 33/37 patients with subsequent PMD/PNX had Macklin effect on baseline CT (89.2%, true positives) 8.5 days [range, 1–18] before the first actual radiological evidence of PMD/PNX. Conversely, 6/136 patients without PMD/PNX (4.4%, false positives) demonstrated Macklin effect (p < 0.001). Macklin effect yielded a sensitivity of 89.2% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 74.6–96.9), a specificity of 95.6% (95% CI: 90.6–98.4), a positive predictive value (PV) of 84.5% (95% CI: 71.3–92.3), a negative PV of 97.1% (95% CI: 74.6–96.9) and an accuracy of 94.2% (95% CI: 89.6–97.2) in predicting PMD/PNX (AUC:0.924). Conclusions: Macklin effect accurately predicts, 8.5 days in advance, PMD/PNX development in COVID-19 ARDS patients.

A radiological predictor for pneumomediastinum/pneumothorax in COVID-19 ARDS patients

Palumbo D.
Primo
;
Zangrillo A.
Secondo
;
Belletti A.;Pennella R.;Monti G.;Gritti C.;Marmiere M.;Rocchi M.;Dagna L.;Rovere-Querini P.;Landoni G.
Penultimo
;
De Cobelli F.
Ultimo
;
Faustini C.;Maimeri N.;Darvizeh F.;Calabrese F.;Mapelli R.;Pieri M.;Compagnone N.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: To determine whether Macklin effect (a linear collection of air contiguous to the bronchovascular sheath) on baseline CT imaging is an accurate predictor for subsequent pneumomediastinum (PMD)/pneumothorax (PNX) development in invasively ventilated patients with COVID-19-related acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Materials and methods: This is an observational, case-control study. From a prospectively acquired database, all consecutive invasively ventilated COVID-19 ARDS patients who underwent at least one baseline chest CT scan during the study time period (February 25th, 2020–December 31st, 2020) were identified; those who had tracheal lesion or already had PMD/PNX at the time of the first available chest imaging were excluded. Results: 37/173 (21.4%) patients enrolled had PMD/PNX; specifically, 20 (11.5%) had PMD, 10 (5.8%) PNX, 7 (4%) both. 33/37 patients with subsequent PMD/PNX had Macklin effect on baseline CT (89.2%, true positives) 8.5 days [range, 1–18] before the first actual radiological evidence of PMD/PNX. Conversely, 6/136 patients without PMD/PNX (4.4%, false positives) demonstrated Macklin effect (p < 0.001). Macklin effect yielded a sensitivity of 89.2% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 74.6–96.9), a specificity of 95.6% (95% CI: 90.6–98.4), a positive predictive value (PV) of 84.5% (95% CI: 71.3–92.3), a negative PV of 97.1% (95% CI: 74.6–96.9) and an accuracy of 94.2% (95% CI: 89.6–97.2) in predicting PMD/PNX (AUC:0.924). Conclusions: Macklin effect accurately predicts, 8.5 days in advance, PMD/PNX development in COVID-19 ARDS patients.
2021
Acute respiratory distress syndrome
COVID-19
Mechanical ventilation
Pneumomediastinum
Pneumothorax
Tomography, X-ray computed
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/120054
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 18
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 16
social impact