PURPOSE: To quantitatively analyze choriocapillaris alterations using swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography in eyes presenting with Type 3 macular neovascularization (MNV) and to compare these alterations with eyes presenting with intermediate AMD (iAMD). METHODS: Macular 3 × 3-mm swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography scans were retrospectively analyzed in eyes with Type 3 MNV and in eyes with iAMD. The choriocapillaris en face slabs were extracted from the swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography device after manual segmentation. En face choriocapillaris flow images were compensated with en face choriocapillaris structure images, followed by the Phansalkar local thresholding method using a window radius of 4 and 8 pixels. The percentage of flow deficits (FD%), the number, size, and total area of FDs were computed for comparison. A secondary analysis was performed in the four corners of the image to include equidistant regions in all eyes. RESULTS: Twenty-six Type 3 MNV eyes of 21 patients and 26 iAMD eyes of 17 patients were included. Compared with iAMD eyes, eyes with Type 3 MNV displayed a higher FD% (41.37% ± 14.74 vs. 19.80% ± 9.63 using radius 4 pixels [P < 0.001]; 45.24% ± 11.9 vs. 26.63% ± 8.96 using radius 8 pixels [P < 0.001]). The average size of FDs was significantly larger in Type 3 MNV eyes compared with iAMD eyes (P < 0.001), whereas the number of FDs was significantly lower in Type 3 MNV compared with iAMD eyes (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Type 3 MNV eyes present with increased choriocapillaris flow impairment compared with iAMD eyes. Reduced choriocapillaris perfusion may contribute to Type 3 MNV development and pathogenesis.
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