Among 6146 hospital employees, 118 subjects with severe allergic background were identified through a screening questionnaire and stratified into 3 groups (Low-risk (LR), Intermediate (IR) and High-risk (HR) group), based on their allergic anamnesis. Data reports on hypersensitivity reactions (HypR) have been collected in both allergic and non-allergic subjects. Seventeen patients (14%) in the allergic population had a HypR after the first, the second or both doses. Skin manifestations were the most frequent ones. Allergic events were more frequent in HR (35%) than IR (10%; p = 0.005) or LR (0%; p = 0.074) subjects. No patient had anaphylaxis. All patients completed the vaccination schedule. 13 HypR occurred in patients without severe allergic background (13/6028, 0,2%) including one (1/6148, 0.016% of total population) WAO grade-4 anaphylaxis. Our data suggest that BNT162b2 mRNA Covid-19 vaccine is relatively safe also in patients with severe allergic background; however, some precautions are required for high-risk patients.
Efficacy of a rational algorithm to assess allergy risk in patients receiving the BNT162b2 vaccine / Yacoub, Mona-Rita; Cucca, Valentina; Asperti, Chiara; Ramirez, Giuseppe A; Della-Torre, Emanuel; Moro, Matteo; Zandalasini, Camilla; Di Napoli, Davide; Ambrosio, Alberto; Signorelli, Carlo; Colombo, Sergio; Beretta, Luigi; Ciceri, Fabio; Zangrillo, Alberto; Dagna, Lorenzo. - In: VACCINE. - ISSN 0264-410X. - 39:44(2021), pp. 6464-6469. [10.1016/j.vaccine.2021.09.048]