Post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PTCy) has emerged as a promising graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) prophylaxis in the setting of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) from haploidentical donors and more recently in matched donor transplants. Herein, we describe our real-life experience on 249 adult patients undergoing allogeneic HSCT, from HLA-matched related (MRD), HLA-matched unrelated (MUD), or mismatched related donors (MMRD). Patients received unmanipulated peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs), using a GVHD prophylaxis with PTCy and sirolimus. Mycophenolate mofetil was added in MUD or MMRD. In the HLA-matched donor group (MRD, n = 48, MUD, n = 50), the cumulative incidence of grades II-IV and III-IV acute GvHD was 23% and 9% at 100 days, respectively. The cumulative incidence of chronic GvHD was 25% at 2 years, severe only for 5% of the patients. The cumulative incidences of relapse and transplant-related mortality (TRM) were 31% and 9% at 2 years, respectively. The 2-year overall survival (OS) was 72% and progression-free survival (PFS) 60%; the composite endpoint of GvHD/relapse-free survival (GRFS) was 52% at 2 years. In the haploidentical donor group (n = 151), we documented a cumulative incidence of grades II-IV and III-IV acute GVHD of 35% and 20% at 100 days, respectively, and a cumulative incidence of chronic GvHD of 39% at 2 years. We observed severe chronic GVHD in 15% of the patients. The cumulative incidence of relapse and TRM was 32% and 25% at 2 years, respectively. The 2-year OS was 48%, whereas PFS was 43%; GRFS was 28% at 2 years. However, more patients in the haploidentical group presented high/very high disease risk index (DRI) and higher HCT-comorbidity index. In patients classified in the low-intermediate DRI, 2-year GRFS was 53% in MRD, 65% in MUD, and 46% in haploidentical HSCT (P =.33). Sirolimus-PTCy platform deserves further investigation as an alternative to calcineurin-inhibitor–based GVHD prophylaxis for all donor sources. In patients presenting a low-intermediate DRI, this strategy translates in relevant survival independently from the transplant source.

Posttransplantation Cyclophosphamide- and Sirolimus-Based Graft-Versus-Host-Disease Prophylaxis in Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplant / Greco, R.; Lorentino, F.; Albanese, S.; Lupo Stanghellini, M. T.; Giglio, F.; Piemontese, S.; Clerici, D.; Lazzari, L.; Marcatti, M.; Mastaglio, S.; Xue, E.; Farina, F.; Pavesi, F.; Assanelli, A.; Carrabba, M. G.; Marktel, S.; Vago, L.; Bonini, C.; Corti, C.; Bernardi, M.; Ciceri, F.; Peccatori, J.. - In: TRANSPLANTATION AND CELLULAR THERAPY. - ISSN 2666-6367. - 27:9(2021), pp. 776-776.e13. [10.1016/j.jtct.2021.05.023]

Posttransplantation Cyclophosphamide- and Sirolimus-Based Graft-Versus-Host-Disease Prophylaxis in Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplant

Lazzari L.;Xue E.;Farina F.;Vago L.;Bonini C.;Ciceri F.
Penultimo
;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (PTCy) has emerged as a promising graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) prophylaxis in the setting of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) from haploidentical donors and more recently in matched donor transplants. Herein, we describe our real-life experience on 249 adult patients undergoing allogeneic HSCT, from HLA-matched related (MRD), HLA-matched unrelated (MUD), or mismatched related donors (MMRD). Patients received unmanipulated peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs), using a GVHD prophylaxis with PTCy and sirolimus. Mycophenolate mofetil was added in MUD or MMRD. In the HLA-matched donor group (MRD, n = 48, MUD, n = 50), the cumulative incidence of grades II-IV and III-IV acute GvHD was 23% and 9% at 100 days, respectively. The cumulative incidence of chronic GvHD was 25% at 2 years, severe only for 5% of the patients. The cumulative incidences of relapse and transplant-related mortality (TRM) were 31% and 9% at 2 years, respectively. The 2-year overall survival (OS) was 72% and progression-free survival (PFS) 60%; the composite endpoint of GvHD/relapse-free survival (GRFS) was 52% at 2 years. In the haploidentical donor group (n = 151), we documented a cumulative incidence of grades II-IV and III-IV acute GVHD of 35% and 20% at 100 days, respectively, and a cumulative incidence of chronic GvHD of 39% at 2 years. We observed severe chronic GVHD in 15% of the patients. The cumulative incidence of relapse and TRM was 32% and 25% at 2 years, respectively. The 2-year OS was 48%, whereas PFS was 43%; GRFS was 28% at 2 years. However, more patients in the haploidentical group presented high/very high disease risk index (DRI) and higher HCT-comorbidity index. In patients classified in the low-intermediate DRI, 2-year GRFS was 53% in MRD, 65% in MUD, and 46% in haploidentical HSCT (P =.33). Sirolimus-PTCy platform deserves further investigation as an alternative to calcineurin-inhibitor–based GVHD prophylaxis for all donor sources. In patients presenting a low-intermediate DRI, this strategy translates in relevant survival independently from the transplant source.
2021
Allogeneic transplantation
Haploidentical donors
HLA-matched related and unrelated donors
Posttransplantation cyclophosphamide
Sirolimus
Cyclophosphamide
Humans
Sirolimus
Unrelated Donors
Graft vs Host Disease
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/124224
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