Background & aims: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) may associate with clinical manifestations, ranging from alterations in smell and taste to severe respiratory distress requiring intensive care, that might associate with weight loss and malnutrition. We aimed to assess the incidence of unintentional weight loss and malnutrition in COVID-19 survivors. Methods: In this post-hoc analysis of a prospective observational cohort study, we enrolled all adult (age ≥18 years) patients with a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 who had been discharged home from either a medical ward or the Emergency Department of San Raffaele University Hospital, and were re-evaluated after remission at the Outpatient COVID-19 Follow-Up Clinic of the same Institution from April 7, 2020, to May 11, 2020. Demographic, anthropometric, clinical and biochemical parameters upon admission were prospectively collected. At follow-up, anthropometrics, the mini nutritional assessment screening and a visual analogue scale for appetite were assessed. Results: A total of 213 patients were included in the analysis (33% females, median age 59.0 [49.5–67.9] years, 70% overweight/obese upon initial assessment, 73% hospitalised). Sixty-one patients (29% of the total, and 31% of hospitalised patients vs. 21% of patients managed at home, p = 0.14) had lost >5% of initial body weight (median weight loss 6.5 [5.0–9.0] kg, or 8.1 [6.1–10.9]%). Patients who lost weight had greater systemic inflammation (C-reactive protein 62.9 [29.0–129.5] vs.48.7 [16.1–96.3] mg/dL; p = 0.02), impaired renal function (23.7% vs. 8.7% of patients; p = 0.003) and longer disease duration (32 [27–41] vs. 24 [21–30] days; p = 0.047) as compared with those who did not lose weight. At multivariate logistic regression analysis, only disease duration independently predicted weight loss (OR 1.05 [1.01–1.10] p = 0.022). Conclusions: COVID-19 might negatively impact body weight and nutritional status. In COVID-19 patients, nutritional evaluation, counselling and treatment should be implemented at initial assessment, throughout the course of disease, and after clinical remission. Clinicaltrials.gov registration: NCT04318366.

COVID-19 is associated with clinically significant weight loss and risk of malnutrition, independent of hospitalisation: A post-hoc analysis of a prospective cohort study

Di Filippo L.;De Lorenzo R.;D'Amico M.;Sofia V.;Rovere-Querini P.;Conte C.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Background & aims: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) may associate with clinical manifestations, ranging from alterations in smell and taste to severe respiratory distress requiring intensive care, that might associate with weight loss and malnutrition. We aimed to assess the incidence of unintentional weight loss and malnutrition in COVID-19 survivors. Methods: In this post-hoc analysis of a prospective observational cohort study, we enrolled all adult (age ≥18 years) patients with a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 who had been discharged home from either a medical ward or the Emergency Department of San Raffaele University Hospital, and were re-evaluated after remission at the Outpatient COVID-19 Follow-Up Clinic of the same Institution from April 7, 2020, to May 11, 2020. Demographic, anthropometric, clinical and biochemical parameters upon admission were prospectively collected. At follow-up, anthropometrics, the mini nutritional assessment screening and a visual analogue scale for appetite were assessed. Results: A total of 213 patients were included in the analysis (33% females, median age 59.0 [49.5–67.9] years, 70% overweight/obese upon initial assessment, 73% hospitalised). Sixty-one patients (29% of the total, and 31% of hospitalised patients vs. 21% of patients managed at home, p = 0.14) had lost >5% of initial body weight (median weight loss 6.5 [5.0–9.0] kg, or 8.1 [6.1–10.9]%). Patients who lost weight had greater systemic inflammation (C-reactive protein 62.9 [29.0–129.5] vs.48.7 [16.1–96.3] mg/dL; p = 0.02), impaired renal function (23.7% vs. 8.7% of patients; p = 0.003) and longer disease duration (32 [27–41] vs. 24 [21–30] days; p = 0.047) as compared with those who did not lose weight. At multivariate logistic regression analysis, only disease duration independently predicted weight loss (OR 1.05 [1.01–1.10] p = 0.022). Conclusions: COVID-19 might negatively impact body weight and nutritional status. In COVID-19 patients, nutritional evaluation, counselling and treatment should be implemented at initial assessment, throughout the course of disease, and after clinical remission. Clinicaltrials.gov registration: NCT04318366.
2021
COVID-19
Malnutrition
Nutritional evaluation
Outpatient management
SARS-CoV2
Weight loss
Adult
Aged
Ambulatory Care
Anthropometry
COVID-19
Cohort Studies
Female
Hospitalization
Humans
Italy
Male
Malnutrition
Middle Aged
Prospective Studies
SARS-CoV-2
Nutritional Status
Weight Loss
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/126779
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 118
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 112
social impact