Objective: The objective of the present study was to investigate the potential prognostic role of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in comparison with known parameters of prediction for the detection of recurrences of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) after treatment. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated patients who underwent surgical treatment for CIN2, CIN3, and carcinoma in situ (CIN2+) between 2010 and 2019. NLR was recorded before surgery, and the follow-up records of patients were analyzed. Cases were splitted into two subgroups according to baseline NLR-low-NLR for <2 and high-NLR for ≥2 values of the index-and correlated with recurrences. Results: 428 cases fulfilled the criteria and were included in the study. Recurrence rate in patients with NLR <2.0 and NLR ≥2.0 was 15.2% and 27.3%, respectively, being the odd ratio for recurrence significantly higher in patients with NLR ≥2 (OR = 2.09; 95% CI 1.28-3.41; p = 0.003). A highly significant statistical difference in recurrence rate was demonstrated, in both univariate and multivariate, for surgical margins, follow-up HPV-DNA status, and NLR values. Conclusion: Preoperative NLR categorization is a strong independent prognostic factor for recurrences after surgical excision of CIN. NLR evaluation is a simple, reproducible, and cost-effective clinical instrument that could optimally be introduced in clinical practice in every setting.
Prognostic Significance of Neutrophil/Lymphocytes Ratio (NLR) in Predicting Recurrence of Cervical Dysplasia / Origoni, M.; Cantatore, F.; Candotti, G.; Candiani, M.. - In: BIOMED RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 2314-6141. - 2022:(2022), pp. 1-7. [10.1155/2022/1149789]