Background: The onset of multiple BCCs is a relatively common condition, not only among patients undergoing chronic treatment with immunosuppressant drugs, but also in the general population, although specific risk factors for immunocompetent patients have not been identified. A putative role of somatic mutations in the hedgehog pathway should be considered. Methods: This study is a retrospective observation of all patients diagnosed and surgically treated for BCCs during 5 years at our Dermatological Division. For these patients, we evaluated clinical and histopathological characteristics and data about possible risk factors for BCC. Results: Five-hundred and six patients affected by multiple BCCs, accounting for the 24.2% of the entire sample, have been identified. In these patients, the total number of BCCs was 1516, ranging from 2 to 11. Subjects affected by multiple BCCs were more frequently males, with an older age at diagnosis; multiple BCCs developed mainly on the trunk and were often represented by a nodular histotype. The multivariate analysis highlighted that male gender, older age, nodular BCC, or face involvement at the first diagnosis are risk factors for the development of multiple BCCs. Conclusions: The frequency of multiple BCCs even among the non-immunocompromised population underlines the need to subject patients to a close surveillance program, to allow early diagnosis and treatment of additional cancers.

Multiple Basal Cell Carcinomas in Immunocompetent Patients

Ottavio Cremona;
2022

Abstract

Background: The onset of multiple BCCs is a relatively common condition, not only among patients undergoing chronic treatment with immunosuppressant drugs, but also in the general population, although specific risk factors for immunocompetent patients have not been identified. A putative role of somatic mutations in the hedgehog pathway should be considered. Methods: This study is a retrospective observation of all patients diagnosed and surgically treated for BCCs during 5 years at our Dermatological Division. For these patients, we evaluated clinical and histopathological characteristics and data about possible risk factors for BCC. Results: Five-hundred and six patients affected by multiple BCCs, accounting for the 24.2% of the entire sample, have been identified. In these patients, the total number of BCCs was 1516, ranging from 2 to 11. Subjects affected by multiple BCCs were more frequently males, with an older age at diagnosis; multiple BCCs developed mainly on the trunk and were often represented by a nodular histotype. The multivariate analysis highlighted that male gender, older age, nodular BCC, or face involvement at the first diagnosis are risk factors for the development of multiple BCCs. Conclusions: The frequency of multiple BCCs even among the non-immunocompromised population underlines the need to subject patients to a close surveillance program, to allow early diagnosis and treatment of additional cancers.
non-melanoma skin cancer; basal cell carcinoma; risk factors; UV-exposure; hedgehog pathway; mutational status
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/130611
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact