Previous studies reported a positive effect of anti-CGRP monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) in migraine prevention, either in over (O65) and under (U65) 65-year-aged patients. The aim of our study was to evaluate and compare real-life efficacy and safety of mAbs between young and elder migraine patients. Fifteen O65 and fifteen U65 patients, treated with monthly mAbs for 6 months, were enrolled and matched for sex, monthly headache days (MHD), and monthly migraine days (MMD) at baseline. Between-group differences in MHD and MMD, number of pills and days of acute medication intake, HIT-6, MIDAS, Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), and Allodynia Symptom Checklist (ASC-12) were assessed after 3 (M3) and 6 (M6) months of treatment. Adverse events (AEs) were also investigated. In each group, thirteen patients (87%) were women and nine (60%) had chronic migraine. Baseline mean MHD and MMD of both groups were 20 (SD 9.6). Mean age was 70 (65-76) and 45 (19-55) in the O65 and U65 group, respectively. Before starting mAbs, patients have tried an average of 4 preventives in both groups. After 3 and 6 months of treatment, both groups had a reduction of all clinical features under examination, without statistically significant differences between groups. A similar proportion of patients in each group complained of AEs (M3 and M6, p = 1.0). Our real-life data showed that treatment with mAbs is as effective and safe in O65 as U65 migraine patients. Further studies are needed to confirm these findings.

Comparison of efficacy and safety of erenumab between over and under 65-year-old refractory migraine patients: a pivotal study

Cetta, Ilaria;Messina, Roberta;Zanandrea, Laura;Filippi, Massimo
2022

Abstract

Previous studies reported a positive effect of anti-CGRP monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) in migraine prevention, either in over (O65) and under (U65) 65-year-aged patients. The aim of our study was to evaluate and compare real-life efficacy and safety of mAbs between young and elder migraine patients. Fifteen O65 and fifteen U65 patients, treated with monthly mAbs for 6 months, were enrolled and matched for sex, monthly headache days (MHD), and monthly migraine days (MMD) at baseline. Between-group differences in MHD and MMD, number of pills and days of acute medication intake, HIT-6, MIDAS, Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), and Allodynia Symptom Checklist (ASC-12) were assessed after 3 (M3) and 6 (M6) months of treatment. Adverse events (AEs) were also investigated. In each group, thirteen patients (87%) were women and nine (60%) had chronic migraine. Baseline mean MHD and MMD of both groups were 20 (SD 9.6). Mean age was 70 (65-76) and 45 (19-55) in the O65 and U65 group, respectively. Before starting mAbs, patients have tried an average of 4 preventives in both groups. After 3 and 6 months of treatment, both groups had a reduction of all clinical features under examination, without statistically significant differences between groups. A similar proportion of patients in each group complained of AEs (M3 and M6, p = 1.0). Our real-life data showed that treatment with mAbs is as effective and safe in O65 as U65 migraine patients. Further studies are needed to confirm these findings.
Efficacy
Elder patients
Migraine
Monoclonal antibodies
Safety
Aged
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide Receptor Antagonists
Double-Blind Method
Female
Headache
Humans
Male
Treatment Outcome
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Migraine Disorders
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/131552
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