Background This individual-patient data meta-analysis investigated the effects of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols compared with conventional care on postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy.Methods The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, and Web of Science were searched systematically for articles reporting outcomes of ERAS after pancreatoduodenectomy published up to August 2020. Comparative studies were included. Main outcomes were postoperative functional recovery elements, postoperative morbidity, duration of hospital stay, and readmission.Results Individual-patient data were obtained from 17 of 31 eligible studies comprising 3108 patients. Time to liquid (mean difference (MD) -3.23 (95 per cent c.i. -4.62 to -1.85) days; P < 0.001) and solid (-3.84 (-5.09 to -2.60) days; P < 0.001) intake, time to passage of first stool (MD -1.38 (-1.82 to -0.94) days; P < 0.001) and time to removal of the nasogastric tube (3.03 (-4.87 to -1.18) days; P = 0.001) were reduced with ERAS. ERAS was associated with lower overall morbidity (risk difference (RD) -0.04, 95 per cent c.i. -0.08 to -0.01; P = 0.015), less delayed gastric emptying (RD -0.11, -0.22 to -0.01; P = 0.039) and a shorter duration of hospital stay (MD -2.33 (-2.98 to -1.69) days; P < 0.001) without a higher readmission rate.Conclusion ERAS improved postoperative outcome after pancreatoduodenectomy. Implementation should be encouraged.Lay SummaryEnhanced recovery protocols consist of interdisciplinary interventions aimed at standardizing care and reducing the impact of surgical stress. They often include a short period of preoperative fasting during the night before surgery, early removal of lines and surgical drains, early food intake and mobilization out of bed on the day of surgery. This study gives a summary of reports assessing such care protocols in patients undergoing pancreatic head surgery, and assesses the impact of these protocols on functional recovery in an analysis of individual-patient data. The study revealed the true benefits of enhanced recovery protocols, including shorter time to food intake, earlier bowel activity, fewer complications after surgery, and a shorter hospital stay compared with conventional care.

Impact of enhanced recovery protocols after pancreatoduodenectomy: meta-analysis / Kuemmerli, Christoph; Tschuor, Christoph; Kasai, Meidai; Alseidi, Adnan A; Balzano, Gianpaolo; Bouwense, Stefan; Braga, Marco; Coolsen, Mariëlle; Daniel, Sara K; Dervenis, Christos; Falconi, Massimo; Hwang, Dae Wook; Kagedan, Daniel J; Kim, Song Cheol; Lavu, Harish; Liang, Tingbo; Nussbaum, Daniel; Partelli, Stefano; Passeri, Michael J; Pecorelli, Nicolò; Pillai, Sastha Ahanatha; Pillarisetty, Venu G; Pucci, Michael J; Su, Wei; Sutcliffe, Robert P; Tingstedt, Bobby; van der Kolk, Marion; Vrochides, Dionisios; Wei, Alice; Williamsson, Caroline; Yeo, Charles J; Zani, Sabino; Zouros, Efstratios; Abu Hilal, Mohammed. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF SURGERY. - ISSN 0007-1323. - 109:3(2022), pp. 256-266. [10.1093/bjs/znab436]

Impact of enhanced recovery protocols after pancreatoduodenectomy: meta-analysis

Falconi, Massimo;Partelli, Stefano;Pecorelli, Nicolò;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background This individual-patient data meta-analysis investigated the effects of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols compared with conventional care on postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy.Methods The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, and Web of Science were searched systematically for articles reporting outcomes of ERAS after pancreatoduodenectomy published up to August 2020. Comparative studies were included. Main outcomes were postoperative functional recovery elements, postoperative morbidity, duration of hospital stay, and readmission.Results Individual-patient data were obtained from 17 of 31 eligible studies comprising 3108 patients. Time to liquid (mean difference (MD) -3.23 (95 per cent c.i. -4.62 to -1.85) days; P < 0.001) and solid (-3.84 (-5.09 to -2.60) days; P < 0.001) intake, time to passage of first stool (MD -1.38 (-1.82 to -0.94) days; P < 0.001) and time to removal of the nasogastric tube (3.03 (-4.87 to -1.18) days; P = 0.001) were reduced with ERAS. ERAS was associated with lower overall morbidity (risk difference (RD) -0.04, 95 per cent c.i. -0.08 to -0.01; P = 0.015), less delayed gastric emptying (RD -0.11, -0.22 to -0.01; P = 0.039) and a shorter duration of hospital stay (MD -2.33 (-2.98 to -1.69) days; P < 0.001) without a higher readmission rate.Conclusion ERAS improved postoperative outcome after pancreatoduodenectomy. Implementation should be encouraged.Lay SummaryEnhanced recovery protocols consist of interdisciplinary interventions aimed at standardizing care and reducing the impact of surgical stress. They often include a short period of preoperative fasting during the night before surgery, early removal of lines and surgical drains, early food intake and mobilization out of bed on the day of surgery. This study gives a summary of reports assessing such care protocols in patients undergoing pancreatic head surgery, and assesses the impact of these protocols on functional recovery in an analysis of individual-patient data. The study revealed the true benefits of enhanced recovery protocols, including shorter time to food intake, earlier bowel activity, fewer complications after surgery, and a shorter hospital stay compared with conventional care.
2022
Humans
Length of Stay
Patient Readmission
Postoperative Complications
Recovery of Function
Enhanced Recovery After Surgery
Pancreaticoduodenectomy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/132030
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