Bipolar disorder (BD) is associated with alterations in white matter (WM) microstructure, glutamatergic neurotransmission, and glia activity. Previous studies showed higher concentrations of glutamate (Glu), glutamate+glutamine (Glx), and reduced N-acetyl-aspartate (NAA) in BD. We investigated brain concentrations of Glu, Glx, NAA, mI as indirect marker of microglia activation, and Glx/NAA ratio as index of neuronal damage through 1H-MR, and WM integrity with Tract-Based Spatial Statistics in 93 depressed BD patients and 58 healthy controls (HC). We tested for linear effects of cited spectroscopic metabolites on DTI measures of WM integrity with general linear models for each group, then performing a conjunction analysis of Glx/NAA and mI concentration on the same measures. Statistical analyses (whole sample) revealed higher concentration of Glx/NAA, Glx and mI in BD patients compared to HC, and a positive association between mI and the ratio. DTI analyses (87 BD and 35 HC) showed a significant association of Glx/NAA ratio, and mI with WM microstructure. Conjunction analysis revealed a joint negative association between Glx/NAA and mI with fractional anisotropy. This is the first study showing an association between brain metabolites involved in neuronal damage, and glial activation and the alterations in WM consistently reported in BD.

Brain spectroscopic measures of glutamatergic and neuronal metabolism and glial activation influence white matter integrity in bipolar depression

Bravi, Beatrice;Bollettini, Irene;Falini, Andrea;Poletti, Sara;Benedetti, Francesco;Colombo, Cristina
2022

Abstract

Bipolar disorder (BD) is associated with alterations in white matter (WM) microstructure, glutamatergic neurotransmission, and glia activity. Previous studies showed higher concentrations of glutamate (Glu), glutamate+glutamine (Glx), and reduced N-acetyl-aspartate (NAA) in BD. We investigated brain concentrations of Glu, Glx, NAA, mI as indirect marker of microglia activation, and Glx/NAA ratio as index of neuronal damage through 1H-MR, and WM integrity with Tract-Based Spatial Statistics in 93 depressed BD patients and 58 healthy controls (HC). We tested for linear effects of cited spectroscopic metabolites on DTI measures of WM integrity with general linear models for each group, then performing a conjunction analysis of Glx/NAA and mI concentration on the same measures. Statistical analyses (whole sample) revealed higher concentration of Glx/NAA, Glx and mI in BD patients compared to HC, and a positive association between mI and the ratio. DTI analyses (87 BD and 35 HC) showed a significant association of Glx/NAA ratio, and mI with WM microstructure. Conjunction analysis revealed a joint negative association between Glx/NAA and mI with fractional anisotropy. This is the first study showing an association between brain metabolites involved in neuronal damage, and glial activation and the alterations in WM consistently reported in BD.
Bipolar disorder
Glutamate
Inflammation
TBSS
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/132108
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