Chronic urticaria (CU) is defined by the presence of itchy wheals, sometimes accompanied by angioedema, lasting for at least 6 weeks. CU is treated with second-generation antihistamines, increased up to four times the normal doses for second-line treatment. Omalizumab (a monoclonal antibody anti-IgE) may be recommended as third-line therapy in children aged over 12 years. Few reports have suggested that glucose homeostasis is impaired in some type 2 diabetic patients receiving omalizumab, and even in non-diabetic patients, fasting blood glucose and HOMA-IR values appeared to be significantly increased. We report the case of a 13-year-old girl with diabetes mellitus type 1 and chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) refractory to standard recommended therapy that we treated with omalizumab at a standard recommended dose of 300 mg every 4 weeks. We observed a rapid and complete remission of CSU after treatment with this humanized monoclonal antibody without detrimental effects on the patient's glucose control especially in terms of HbA1c (glycated hemoglobin), time in glycemic range (TIR), and daily insulin needs.

Case Report: Safety and Efficacy of Omalizumab in a 13-Year-Old Patient With Chronic Spontaneous Urticaria and Type 1 Diabetes

Del Tedesco, Federica;Bonfanti, Riccardo;
2022

Abstract

Chronic urticaria (CU) is defined by the presence of itchy wheals, sometimes accompanied by angioedema, lasting for at least 6 weeks. CU is treated with second-generation antihistamines, increased up to four times the normal doses for second-line treatment. Omalizumab (a monoclonal antibody anti-IgE) may be recommended as third-line therapy in children aged over 12 years. Few reports have suggested that glucose homeostasis is impaired in some type 2 diabetic patients receiving omalizumab, and even in non-diabetic patients, fasting blood glucose and HOMA-IR values appeared to be significantly increased. We report the case of a 13-year-old girl with diabetes mellitus type 1 and chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) refractory to standard recommended therapy that we treated with omalizumab at a standard recommended dose of 300 mg every 4 weeks. We observed a rapid and complete remission of CSU after treatment with this humanized monoclonal antibody without detrimental effects on the patient's glucose control especially in terms of HbA1c (glycated hemoglobin), time in glycemic range (TIR), and daily insulin needs.
chronic spontaneous urticaria
glycemic
omalizumab
pediatrics
type 1 diabetes
Adolescent
Child
Chronic Disease
Copper
Female
Humans
Omalizumab
Anti-Allergic Agents
Chronic Urticaria
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/132499
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