Pregnancy causes physiological changes in the woman's body, which can also affect oral health. Therefore, pregnant women may manifest gingival inflammation that is favored by their hormonal increase. This clinical trial (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04140643) evaluated the variation in the plaque index (PI) or bleeding index (BOP) in pregnant women after daily use of an ozonated water irrigator and proper home oral hygiene, compared to a control group who only performed home oral hygiene. The inclusion criteria were the gestation period from the 14th week to the 30th week, a diagnosis of gingivitis, and a minimum number of teeth equal to 20. The PI and BOP index were evaluated at T0, fifteen days after T0 (T1), and two months after T1 (T2). The PI values systematically decreased over time (F (1.19) = 41.82) in both groups, with a systematic difference in PI values between the two groups (F (1.19) = 6.28, p = 0.021). A statistically significant difference was assessed in the BOP index at T2 between the two groups, with the control group suffering a higher BOP index. The results show that the patients in the study group showed a decrease in the BOP index over the three time points, in contrast to the control group, due to the beneficial properties of ozonated water.

Effects of an Ozonated Water Irrigator on the Plaque Index and Bleeding Index of Pregnant Women

Tecco, Simona;Pittari, Laura;
2022

Abstract

Pregnancy causes physiological changes in the woman's body, which can also affect oral health. Therefore, pregnant women may manifest gingival inflammation that is favored by their hormonal increase. This clinical trial (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04140643) evaluated the variation in the plaque index (PI) or bleeding index (BOP) in pregnant women after daily use of an ozonated water irrigator and proper home oral hygiene, compared to a control group who only performed home oral hygiene. The inclusion criteria were the gestation period from the 14th week to the 30th week, a diagnosis of gingivitis, and a minimum number of teeth equal to 20. The PI and BOP index were evaluated at T0, fifteen days after T0 (T1), and two months after T1 (T2). The PI values systematically decreased over time (F (1.19) = 41.82) in both groups, with a systematic difference in PI values between the two groups (F (1.19) = 6.28, p = 0.021). A statistically significant difference was assessed in the BOP index at T2 between the two groups, with the control group suffering a higher BOP index. The results show that the patients in the study group showed a decrease in the BOP index over the three time points, in contrast to the control group, due to the beneficial properties of ozonated water.
bleeding on probing
dental plaque
gingival
gingivitis
ozonated water
ozone
pregnant women
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/132637
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