Solitary plasmacytoma (SP) is a rare malignant tumor of plasma cells with no systemic spread; however, when it disseminates and affects multiple skeletal sites, it is called multiple myeloma (MM). The etiology of solitary plasmacytoma is unknown, with two possible subtypes: solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma (EMP) and solitary bone plasmacytoma (SBP). We present a case of EMP arising as asymptomatic erythroplakia of the palate, which is rarely described in the literature. The definitive diagnosis was obtained with immunohistochemical studies, after which the lesion was subjected to excisional biopsy. At present, after two years of close follow-up, the patient has shown no signs of relapse or conversion to MM. The uniqueness of the case highlights the possibility of an atypical EMP lesion in the head and neck, thus posing a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge for physicians.

Solitary Extramedullary Plasmacytoma Presenting as Asymptomatic Palatal Erythroplakia: Report of a Case

Lalla, Francesca
Primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Vinciguerra, Alessandro;Abati, Silvio
Ultimo
Writing – Review & Editing
2021

Abstract

Solitary plasmacytoma (SP) is a rare malignant tumor of plasma cells with no systemic spread; however, when it disseminates and affects multiple skeletal sites, it is called multiple myeloma (MM). The etiology of solitary plasmacytoma is unknown, with two possible subtypes: solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma (EMP) and solitary bone plasmacytoma (SBP). We present a case of EMP arising as asymptomatic erythroplakia of the palate, which is rarely described in the literature. The definitive diagnosis was obtained with immunohistochemical studies, after which the lesion was subjected to excisional biopsy. At present, after two years of close follow-up, the patient has shown no signs of relapse or conversion to MM. The uniqueness of the case highlights the possibility of an atypical EMP lesion in the head and neck, thus posing a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge for physicians.
extramedullary plasmacytoma
multiple myeloma
oral health
oral pathology
Humans
Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
Palate
Bone Neoplasms
Multiple Myeloma
Plasmacytoma
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/132900
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