Mucosal melanomas of the head and neck region are uncommon pathologies that can affect the oral cavity, and are characterized by a high rate of mortality. Considering the lack of knowledge regarding risk and prognostic factors, current best clinical practice is represented by a large surgical excision with disease-free margins, eventually associated with a reconstructive flap. Indeed, given the frequent necessity of postoperative radiotherapy and fast healing process, a reconstruction of the surgical gap is advisable. Even if several flaps have been most commonly used, the submental island flap represents a valid alternative thanks to local advantages and similar oncologic outcomes compared to free flaps.
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