The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) on the activity of masticatory muscles using surface electromyography (sEMG). Forty-one JIA subjects (ten males, thirty-one females; average age 13 years ± 3) and thirty-two healthy control subjects (twenty-seven females, five males; average age 14 years ± 2) were recruited. sEMG of anterior temporalis (TA), masseter (MM), and sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscles was performed by using the occlusal contact analyzer software called Teethan (BTS S.p.A., Garbagnate Milanese, Milan, Italy). Comparisons between groups were assessed with unpaired t-tests for non-normally distributed data and with Mann–Whitney U tests for normally distributed parameters. The JIA group showed a significant increased percentage overlapping coefficient of TA (POC TA) (p = 0.01) and impact index (IMP) (p = 0.003). No significant differences were observed for the POC MM, POC SCM, percentage overlapping coefficient between posterior and anterior teeth contact (BAR), the torsion index (TORS), and the asymmetry index (ASIM). Masticatory muscles seemed to be slightly affected by JIA. sEMG could be an effective aid in the early clinical detection of TMJ involvement in JIA. Further research is needed to confirm its validity.

Electromyographic Activity of Masticatory Muscles in Subjects with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: A Case—Control Study

Lucchese A.;
2022

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) on the activity of masticatory muscles using surface electromyography (sEMG). Forty-one JIA subjects (ten males, thirty-one females; average age 13 years ± 3) and thirty-two healthy control subjects (twenty-seven females, five males; average age 14 years ± 2) were recruited. sEMG of anterior temporalis (TA), masseter (MM), and sternocleidomastoid (SCM) muscles was performed by using the occlusal contact analyzer software called Teethan (BTS S.p.A., Garbagnate Milanese, Milan, Italy). Comparisons between groups were assessed with unpaired t-tests for non-normally distributed data and with Mann–Whitney U tests for normally distributed parameters. The JIA group showed a significant increased percentage overlapping coefficient of TA (POC TA) (p = 0.01) and impact index (IMP) (p = 0.003). No significant differences were observed for the POC MM, POC SCM, percentage overlapping coefficient between posterior and anterior teeth contact (BAR), the torsion index (TORS), and the asymmetry index (ASIM). Masticatory muscles seemed to be slightly affected by JIA. sEMG could be an effective aid in the early clinical detection of TMJ involvement in JIA. Further research is needed to confirm its validity.
electromyography
juvenile idiopathic arthritis
masticatory muscles
temporomandibular disorders
temporomandibular joint
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/132993
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