This study is designed to evaluate the histological effects of uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) infection in the urinary bladder of female rabbits and compare the differences between the dome and trigone. Bacterial cystitis was induced in 13 female rabbits by transurethral inoculation of UPEC into the urinary bladder. Eight animals served as controls. Urine samples were collected by catheterization and cultured for bacterial growth after 12 and 24 hours then every 48 hours. Infection was defined as >=(1X10(5)) colony-forming unit/ml of UPEC in the first two urine samples. Bladder dome and trigonal specimens were examined by light and scanning electron microscopy eight days after infection. There was a sustained increase in bacterial count, with urethral bleeding and rabbit weakness suggesting bladder colonization in the 10/13 study group (77%). Infection was not demonstrated in two animals and was spontaneously cleared in the third after 48 hours. No control animals developed an infection. In infected rabbits (n = 10), the dome showed inflammatory changes including the epithelial loss or thinning, inflammatory cell infiltration, and congested blood vessels compared to controls. The trigone showed a more pronounced inflammatory response than the dome. The presence of urinary bacterial growth, infection manifestations, and inflammatory changes that were more severe in the trigone than in the dome indicate successful bacterial inoculation and induction of cystitis. This animal model can be used for clinical trials on female cystitis. Our histological findings support a possible role of trigone in the pathogenesis of urinary tract infection.

Induction of bacterial cystitis in female rabbits by uropathogenic Escherichia coli and the differences between the bladder dome and trigone

Salvatore, Stefano
Membro del Collaboration Group
2021-01-01

Abstract

This study is designed to evaluate the histological effects of uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) infection in the urinary bladder of female rabbits and compare the differences between the dome and trigone. Bacterial cystitis was induced in 13 female rabbits by transurethral inoculation of UPEC into the urinary bladder. Eight animals served as controls. Urine samples were collected by catheterization and cultured for bacterial growth after 12 and 24 hours then every 48 hours. Infection was defined as >=(1X10(5)) colony-forming unit/ml of UPEC in the first two urine samples. Bladder dome and trigonal specimens were examined by light and scanning electron microscopy eight days after infection. There was a sustained increase in bacterial count, with urethral bleeding and rabbit weakness suggesting bladder colonization in the 10/13 study group (77%). Infection was not demonstrated in two animals and was spontaneously cleared in the third after 48 hours. No control animals developed an infection. In infected rabbits (n = 10), the dome showed inflammatory changes including the epithelial loss or thinning, inflammatory cell infiltration, and congested blood vessels compared to controls. The trigone showed a more pronounced inflammatory response than the dome. The presence of urinary bacterial growth, infection manifestations, and inflammatory changes that were more severe in the trigone than in the dome indicate successful bacterial inoculation and induction of cystitis. This animal model can be used for clinical trials on female cystitis. Our histological findings support a possible role of trigone in the pathogenesis of urinary tract infection.
Cystitis
histology
recurrence
trigone
urinary bladder
Animals
Disease Models, Animal
Female
Rabbits
Cystitis
Escherichia coli Infections
Uropathogenic Escherichia coli
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/133032
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