The aim of this pilot study is to assess the efficacy and safety of microablative fractional CO2 laser for treating vulvovaginal (VVA) symptoms in women with a history of breast cancer (BC) at 20-week follow-up since the first laser treatment. We enrolled 40 women with a history of BC and who currently were or had been on treatment with endocrine therapy for their condition. Each of them was treated with 5 laser applications (one every 4 weeks), and the effects of the laser treatment on VVA symptoms were measured using a 10-cm visual analog scale after 20 weeks of follow-up. Changes in the Vaginal Health Index after treatment were compared with baseline. Changes in overall quality of life were assessed with a generic quality of life questionnaire: Short Form 12. Sexual function was evaluated by the Female Sexual Function Index. After 20 weeks of follow-up, microablative fractional CO2 laser was safe and effective in treating VVA symptoms in women with a history of BC, irrespective of being previously or currently on endocrine therapies.Background: Breast cancer (BC) is the most common female cancer worldwide. Menopausal symptoms are a wellknown side effect in women with BC and have a significant negative impact on quality of life (QoL) and sexuality. Nowadays, hormonal replacement therapy and local estrogens are the most common prescriptions to treat vulvovaginal (VVA) symptoms. However, in women with a history of BC, proper therapy for such conditions remains an often inadequately addressed clinical problem. A treatment with microablative fractional CO2 laser (MLT) can produce a remodeling of the vaginal connective tissue without causing damage to the surrounding tissue. The aim of this pilot study is to assess the efficacy and safety of MLT for treating VVA symptoms in women with a history of BC at 20-week follow-up since the first laser treatment. Patients and Methods: Women with BC and VVA symptoms were enrolled in the study and treated with 5 laser applications (one every 4 weeks). The rate of satisfied patients at 20 weeks of followup was evaluated with a 5-point Likert scale. Changes of the Vaginal Health Index (VHI) after treatment was compared with baseline. Effects of the laser treatment on VVA symptoms was measured using a 10-cm visual analog scale (VAS). Changes in overall QoL were assessed with a generic QoL questionnaire: the Short Form 12 (SF-12) that we analyzed considering its physical (PCS12) and mental (MCS12) domains. Sexual function was evaluated by the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI). Results: In this prospective cohort study, we enrolled 40 women with a history of BC and who currently were or (Group 2) who had been (Group 1) on treatment with endocrine therapy for their condition. Six (15.0%) women were very satisfied, 25 (62.5%) were satisfied, 6 (15.0%) were uncertain, and 3 (7.5%) were dissatisfied with the MLT. VVA symptoms and VHI improved significantly at 20 weeks from baseline (P <.05) with no differences between the 2 groups (P >.05). In terms of QoL measured by the SF-12, the PCS12 and the MCS12 significantly improved at the 20-week follow-up. A significant improvement in total FSFI and in all domains was reported in both study groups (P < .05) with no differences between groups (P >.05). Conclusion: MLT was safe and effective in treating VVA symptoms in women with a history of BC, irrespective of being previously or currently on endocrine therapies. (C) 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Microablative Fractional CO2 Laser for Vulvovaginal Atrophy in Women With a History of Breast Cancer: A Pilot Study at 4-week Follow-up

Salvatore, Stefano;Casiraghi, Arianna;Ruffolo, Alessandro F;Degliuomini, Rebecca;Candiani, Massimo
2021-01-01

Abstract

The aim of this pilot study is to assess the efficacy and safety of microablative fractional CO2 laser for treating vulvovaginal (VVA) symptoms in women with a history of breast cancer (BC) at 20-week follow-up since the first laser treatment. We enrolled 40 women with a history of BC and who currently were or had been on treatment with endocrine therapy for their condition. Each of them was treated with 5 laser applications (one every 4 weeks), and the effects of the laser treatment on VVA symptoms were measured using a 10-cm visual analog scale after 20 weeks of follow-up. Changes in the Vaginal Health Index after treatment were compared with baseline. Changes in overall quality of life were assessed with a generic quality of life questionnaire: Short Form 12. Sexual function was evaluated by the Female Sexual Function Index. After 20 weeks of follow-up, microablative fractional CO2 laser was safe and effective in treating VVA symptoms in women with a history of BC, irrespective of being previously or currently on endocrine therapies.Background: Breast cancer (BC) is the most common female cancer worldwide. Menopausal symptoms are a wellknown side effect in women with BC and have a significant negative impact on quality of life (QoL) and sexuality. Nowadays, hormonal replacement therapy and local estrogens are the most common prescriptions to treat vulvovaginal (VVA) symptoms. However, in women with a history of BC, proper therapy for such conditions remains an often inadequately addressed clinical problem. A treatment with microablative fractional CO2 laser (MLT) can produce a remodeling of the vaginal connective tissue without causing damage to the surrounding tissue. The aim of this pilot study is to assess the efficacy and safety of MLT for treating VVA symptoms in women with a history of BC at 20-week follow-up since the first laser treatment. Patients and Methods: Women with BC and VVA symptoms were enrolled in the study and treated with 5 laser applications (one every 4 weeks). The rate of satisfied patients at 20 weeks of followup was evaluated with a 5-point Likert scale. Changes of the Vaginal Health Index (VHI) after treatment was compared with baseline. Effects of the laser treatment on VVA symptoms was measured using a 10-cm visual analog scale (VAS). Changes in overall QoL were assessed with a generic QoL questionnaire: the Short Form 12 (SF-12) that we analyzed considering its physical (PCS12) and mental (MCS12) domains. Sexual function was evaluated by the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI). Results: In this prospective cohort study, we enrolled 40 women with a history of BC and who currently were or (Group 2) who had been (Group 1) on treatment with endocrine therapy for their condition. Six (15.0%) women were very satisfied, 25 (62.5%) were satisfied, 6 (15.0%) were uncertain, and 3 (7.5%) were dissatisfied with the MLT. VVA symptoms and VHI improved significantly at 20 weeks from baseline (P <.05) with no differences between the 2 groups (P >.05). In terms of QoL measured by the SF-12, the PCS12 and the MCS12 significantly improved at the 20-week follow-up. A significant improvement in total FSFI and in all domains was reported in both study groups (P < .05) with no differences between groups (P >.05). Conclusion: MLT was safe and effective in treating VVA symptoms in women with a history of BC, irrespective of being previously or currently on endocrine therapies. (C) 2021 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Dyspareunia
Menopause
Sexual function
Sexual intercourse
Vaginal dryness
Breast Neoplasms
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Lasers, Gas
Middle Aged
Patient Satisfaction
Pilot Projects
Quality of Life
Treatment Outcome
Vaginal Diseases
Vulva
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/133153
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