Purpose: To investigate the clinical and imaging features associated with retinal sensitivity in Best vitelliform macular dystrophy (BVMD). Methods: This was a cross-sectional, single-center, observational study. Each patient underwent optical coherence tomography (OCT), near-infrared fundus autofluorescence, and OCT angiography. Macular integrity assessment microperimetry under mesopic conditions was performed to obtain retinal sensitivity thresholds from 68 testing points in the central macula. Structural OCT was used to classify BVMD lesions into four types according to their composition: vitelliform, mixed, subretinal fluid, and atrophy. Multilevel, mixed-effects linear regression was used to determine the factors associated with retinal sensitivity. Results: The study included 57 eyes of 30 patients with BVMD, 48 of which (84%) were in a clinical stage. Mean retinal sensitivity varied according to the composition of the lesion: the vitelliform type registering the highest (22 ± 4.1 dB), followed by mixed (18.73 ± 2.7 dB), subretinal fluid (15.68 ± 4.2 dB), and atrophy types (11.85 ± 4.6 dB). The factors most strongly associated with mean retinal sensitivity in BVMD proved to be the OCT lesion type and outer nuclear layer thickness. Conclusions: Retinal sensitivity in BVMD is influenced by lesion composition and outer nuclear layer thickness. Further studies with long-term follow-up are warranted to examine retinal sensitivity over time and to validate retinal sensitivity changes as biomarkers for BVMD. Translational relevance: Assessing retinal sensitivity in BVMD provides a new instrument in the clinical characterization of the disease and offers the opportunity to identify imaging biomarkers for use as outcome measures in future clinical trials.
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