Age at onset of bipolar disorder might represent the penetrance of the system for specific genetic liability involved in the genesis of the illness. Genetic factors influencing age at onset have been shown to play a role in shaping core characteristics of the illness, such as severity and pattern Of recurrence. Genetic variants of genes regulating the circadian clock Could contribute to define endophenotypes of bipolar disorder, and have been associated with clinical features of the disease. The coding region of Per3 gene contains a variable-number tandem-repeat (VNTR) polymorphism which has been associated with diurnal preference, sleep structure and sleep homeostasis in healthy subjects, In a homogeneous sample of 99 patients affected by bipolar disorder type I we observed that Per3 VNTR influenced age at onset of illness: earlier age at onset in homozygote carriers of Per3(5) variant, later in homozygotes for Per3(4), and intermediate in heterozygotes. Allele frequencies were not significantly different from those reported in healthy subjects. Results need to be confirmed in larger samples, but warrant interest for the variants of molecular clock genes as possible endophenotypes of bipolar disorder. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Age at onset of bipolar disorder might represent the penetrance of the system for specific genetic liability involved in the genesis of the illness. Genetic factors influencing age at onset have been shown to play a role in shaping core characteristics of the illness, such as severity and pattern Of recurrence. Genetic variants of genes regulating the circadian clock Could contribute to define endophenotypes of bipolar disorder, and have been associated with clinical features of the disease. The coding region of Per3 gene contains a variable-number tandem-repeat (VNTR) polymorphism which has been associated with diurnal preference, sleep structure and sleep homeostasis in healthy subjects, In a homogeneous sample of 99 patients affected by bipolar disorder type I we observed that Per3 VNTR influenced age at onset of illness: earlier age at onset in homozygote carriers of Per3(5) variant, later in homozygotes for Per3(4), and intermediate in heterozygotes. Allele frequencies were not significantly different from those reported in healthy subjects. Results need to be confirmed in larger samples, but warrant interest for the variants of molecular clock genes as possible endophenotypes of bipolar disorder. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

A length polymorphism in the circadian clock gene Per3 influences age at onset of bipolar disorder

Benedetti F;COLOMBO , CRISTINA ANNA;
2008

Abstract

Age at onset of bipolar disorder might represent the penetrance of the system for specific genetic liability involved in the genesis of the illness. Genetic factors influencing age at onset have been shown to play a role in shaping core characteristics of the illness, such as severity and pattern Of recurrence. Genetic variants of genes regulating the circadian clock Could contribute to define endophenotypes of bipolar disorder, and have been associated with clinical features of the disease. The coding region of Per3 gene contains a variable-number tandem-repeat (VNTR) polymorphism which has been associated with diurnal preference, sleep structure and sleep homeostasis in healthy subjects, In a homogeneous sample of 99 patients affected by bipolar disorder type I we observed that Per3 VNTR influenced age at onset of illness: earlier age at onset in homozygote carriers of Per3(5) variant, later in homozygotes for Per3(4), and intermediate in heterozygotes. Allele frequencies were not significantly different from those reported in healthy subjects. Results need to be confirmed in larger samples, but warrant interest for the variants of molecular clock genes as possible endophenotypes of bipolar disorder. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Age at onset of bipolar disorder might represent the penetrance of the system for specific genetic liability involved in the genesis of the illness. Genetic factors influencing age at onset have been shown to play a role in shaping core characteristics of the illness, such as severity and pattern Of recurrence. Genetic variants of genes regulating the circadian clock Could contribute to define endophenotypes of bipolar disorder, and have been associated with clinical features of the disease. The coding region of Per3 gene contains a variable-number tandem-repeat (VNTR) polymorphism which has been associated with diurnal preference, sleep structure and sleep homeostasis in healthy subjects, In a homogeneous sample of 99 patients affected by bipolar disorder type I we observed that Per3 VNTR influenced age at onset of illness: earlier age at onset in homozygote carriers of Per3(5) variant, later in homozygotes for Per3(4), and intermediate in heterozygotes. Allele frequencies were not significantly different from those reported in healthy subjects. Results need to be confirmed in larger samples, but warrant interest for the variants of molecular clock genes as possible endophenotypes of bipolar disorder. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/1350
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