Purpose Adrenal cortical adenomas (ACAs) represent one of the most common endocrine neoplasms. Recently, a genetic syndrome, characterized by tumor-suppressor ARMC5-gene mutations and causing primary macronodular bilateral adrenal hyperplasia with concomitant meningiomas of the central nervous system, has been described. Apart from this rare disorder and despite the well-known influence of steroid hormones on meningiomas, no data are available about the association between ACAs and meningiomas. Methods We investigated the prevalence of ACAs in a group of patients with cerebral meningioma undergoing unenhanced chest CT scans before attending surgical treatment. Patients with meningioma were age- and sex-matched in a 1:3 ratio with hospitalized patients for COVID-19. Results Fifty-six patients with meningioma were included and matched with 168 control patients with COVID-19. One-hundred forty-four (66.1%) were female and the median age was 63 years. Twenty ACAs were detected in the overall population (8.9% of the subjects): 10 in patients with meningioma (18%) and the remaining 10 (6%) in the control group (p = 0.007). Multivariate analysis showed that age and presence of meningioma were statistically associated with the presence of ACAs (p = 0.01, p = 0.008). Conclusion We report, for the first time, a higher prevalence of ACAs in patients with meningioma as compared to age- and sex-matched controls. Larger studies are needed to confirm our data and to clarify the characteristics of the ACAs in patients with meningioma. Whether the detection of ACAs should prompt a neuroimaging evaluation to exclude the presence of meningiomas needs also to be considered.

High prevalence of adrenal cortical adenomas in patients with cerebral meningiomas

di Filippo, L;La Marca, S;Losa, M;Mapelli, R;Incampo, G;Mortini, P;De Cobelli, F;Giustina, A;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Purpose Adrenal cortical adenomas (ACAs) represent one of the most common endocrine neoplasms. Recently, a genetic syndrome, characterized by tumor-suppressor ARMC5-gene mutations and causing primary macronodular bilateral adrenal hyperplasia with concomitant meningiomas of the central nervous system, has been described. Apart from this rare disorder and despite the well-known influence of steroid hormones on meningiomas, no data are available about the association between ACAs and meningiomas. Methods We investigated the prevalence of ACAs in a group of patients with cerebral meningioma undergoing unenhanced chest CT scans before attending surgical treatment. Patients with meningioma were age- and sex-matched in a 1:3 ratio with hospitalized patients for COVID-19. Results Fifty-six patients with meningioma were included and matched with 168 control patients with COVID-19. One-hundred forty-four (66.1%) were female and the median age was 63 years. Twenty ACAs were detected in the overall population (8.9% of the subjects): 10 in patients with meningioma (18%) and the remaining 10 (6%) in the control group (p = 0.007). Multivariate analysis showed that age and presence of meningioma were statistically associated with the presence of ACAs (p = 0.01, p = 0.008). Conclusion We report, for the first time, a higher prevalence of ACAs in patients with meningioma as compared to age- and sex-matched controls. Larger studies are needed to confirm our data and to clarify the characteristics of the ACAs in patients with meningioma. Whether the detection of ACAs should prompt a neuroimaging evaluation to exclude the presence of meningiomas needs also to be considered.
ARMC5
Adrenal cortical adenomas
Adrenal gland
Cerebral meningiomas
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/135332
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