Background Patient stratification is the division of a patient population into distinct subgroups based on the presence or absence of particular disease characteristics. As patient stratification can be used to account for the underlying pathology of a disease, it can help physicians to tailor therapeutic interventions to individuals and optimize their care management and treatment regime. Alzheimer's disease, the most common form of dementia, is a heterogeneous disease and its management benefits from patient stratification in clinical trials, and the development of personalized care and treatment strategies for people living with the disease. Main body In this review, we discuss the importance of the stratification of people living with Alzheimer's disease, the challenges associated with early diagnosis and patient stratification, and the evolution of patient stratification once disease-modifying therapies become widely available. Conclusion Patient stratification plays an important role in drug development in clinical trials and may play an even larger role in clinical practice. A timely diagnosis and stratification of people living with Alzheimer's disease is paramount in determining people who are at risk of progressing from mild cognitive impairment to Alzheimer's dementia. There are key issues associated with stratifying patients which include the heterogeneity and complex neurobiology behind Alzheimer's disease, our inadequately prepared healthcare systems, and the cultural perceptions of Alzheimer's disease. Stratifying people living with Alzheimer's disease may be the key in establishing precision and personalized medicine in the field, optimizing disease prevention and pharmaceutical treatment to slow or stop cognitive decline, while minimizing adverse effects.

Perspectives and challenges in patient stratification in Alzheimer's disease

Agosta, Federica;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background Patient stratification is the division of a patient population into distinct subgroups based on the presence or absence of particular disease characteristics. As patient stratification can be used to account for the underlying pathology of a disease, it can help physicians to tailor therapeutic interventions to individuals and optimize their care management and treatment regime. Alzheimer's disease, the most common form of dementia, is a heterogeneous disease and its management benefits from patient stratification in clinical trials, and the development of personalized care and treatment strategies for people living with the disease. Main body In this review, we discuss the importance of the stratification of people living with Alzheimer's disease, the challenges associated with early diagnosis and patient stratification, and the evolution of patient stratification once disease-modifying therapies become widely available. Conclusion Patient stratification plays an important role in drug development in clinical trials and may play an even larger role in clinical practice. A timely diagnosis and stratification of people living with Alzheimer's disease is paramount in determining people who are at risk of progressing from mild cognitive impairment to Alzheimer's dementia. There are key issues associated with stratifying patients which include the heterogeneity and complex neurobiology behind Alzheimer's disease, our inadequately prepared healthcare systems, and the cultural perceptions of Alzheimer's disease. Stratifying people living with Alzheimer's disease may be the key in establishing precision and personalized medicine in the field, optimizing disease prevention and pharmaceutical treatment to slow or stop cognitive decline, while minimizing adverse effects.
Alzheimer’s disease
Biomarkers
Cultural perceptions of dementia
Dementia
Disease-modifying therapy
Early diagnosis
Mild cognitive impairment
Patient stratification
Precision medicine
Stigma
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/135734
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