: MRI and clinical features of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)-antibody disease may overlap with those of other inflammatory demyelinating conditions posing diagnostic challenges, especially in non-acute phases and when serologic testing for MOG-antibodies is unavailable or shows uncertain results. We aimed to identify MRI and clinical markers that differentiate non-acute MOG-antibody disease from aquaporin4 (AQP4)-antibody neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder and relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis, guiding in the identification of MOG-antibody disease patients in clinical practice. In this cross-sectional retrospective study, data from 16 MAGNIMS centres were included. Data collection and analyses were conducted from 2019 to 2021. Inclusion criteria were: diagnosis of MOG-antibody disease, AQP4-neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder and multiple sclerosis, brain and cord MRI at least 6 months from relapse, EDSS on the day of MRI. Brain white matter T2 lesions, T1-hypointense lesions, cortical and cord lesions were identified. Random-forest models were constructed to classify patients as MOG-antibody disease/AQP4-neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder/multiple sclerosis; a leave one out cross-validation procedure assessed the performance of the models. Based on the best discriminators between diseases, we proposed a guide to target investigations for MOG-antibody disease. One hundred sixty-two patients with MOG-antibody disease (99F, mean age: 41 [±14] years, median EDSS: 2 [0-7.5]), 162 with AQP4-neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (132F, mean age: 51 [±14] years, median EDSS: 3.5 [0-8]), 189 with multiple sclerosis (132F, mean age: 40 [±10] years, median EDSS: 2 [0-8]) and 152 healthy controls (91F) were studied. In young patients (<34 years), with low disability (EDSS < 3), the absence of Dawson's fingers, temporal lobe lesions and longitudinally extensive lesions in the cervical cord pointed towards a diagnosis of MOG-antibody disease instead of the other two diseases (accuracy: 76%, sensitivity: 81%, specificity: 84%, p < 0.001). In these non-acute patients, a number of brain lesions < 6 predicted MOG-antibody disease versus multiple sclerosis (accuracy: 83%, sensitivity: 82%, specificity: 83%, p < 0.001). An EDSS < 3 and the absence of longitudinally extensive lesions in the cervical cord predicted MOG-antibody disease versus AQP4-neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (accuracy: 76%, sensitivity: 89%, specificity: 62%, p < 0.001). A workflow with sequential tests and supporting features has been proposed to guide a better identification of MOG-antibody disease patients. Adult non-acute MOG-antibody disease patients showed distinctive clinical and MRI features when compared to AQP4-neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder and multiple sclerosis. A careful inspection of the morphology of brain and cord lesions together with clinical information, can guide for further analyses towards diagnosis of MOG-antibody disease in clinical practice.

Clinical and MRI measures to identify non-acute MOG-antibody disease in adults / Cortese, Rosa; Battaglini, Marco; Prados, Ferran; Bianchi, Alessia; Haider, Lukas; Jacob, Anu; Palace, Jacqueline; Messina, Silvia; Paul, Friedemann; Wuerfel, Jens; Marignier, Romain; Durand-Dubief, Françoise; de Medeiros Rimkus, Carolina; Callegaro, Dagoberto; Sato, Douglas Kazutoshi; Filippi, Massimo; Rocca, Maria Assunta; Cacciaguerra, Laura; Rovira, Alex; Sastre-Garriga, Jaume; Arrambide, Georgina; Liu, Yaou; Duan, Yunyun; Gasperini, Claudio; Tortorella, Carla; Ruggieri, Serena; Amato, Maria Pia; Ulivelli, Monica; Groppa, Sergiu; Grothe, Matthias; Llufriu, Sara; Sepulveda, Maria; Lukas, Carsten; Bellenberg, Barbara; Schneider, Ruth; Sowa, Piotr; Celius, Elisabeth G; Proebstel, Anne-Katrin; Yaldizli, Özgür; Müller, Jannis; Stankoff, Bruno; Bodini, Benedetta; Carmisciano, Luca; Sormani, Maria Pia; Barkhof, Frederik; De Stefano, Nicola; Ciccarelli, Olga. - In: BRAIN. - ISSN 0006-8950. - 146:6(2023), pp. 2489-2501. [10.1093/brain/awac480]

Clinical and MRI measures to identify non-acute MOG-antibody disease in adults

Messina, Silvia;Filippi, Massimo;Rocca, Maria Assunta;Cacciaguerra, Laura;
2023-01-01

Abstract

: MRI and clinical features of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)-antibody disease may overlap with those of other inflammatory demyelinating conditions posing diagnostic challenges, especially in non-acute phases and when serologic testing for MOG-antibodies is unavailable or shows uncertain results. We aimed to identify MRI and clinical markers that differentiate non-acute MOG-antibody disease from aquaporin4 (AQP4)-antibody neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder and relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis, guiding in the identification of MOG-antibody disease patients in clinical practice. In this cross-sectional retrospective study, data from 16 MAGNIMS centres were included. Data collection and analyses were conducted from 2019 to 2021. Inclusion criteria were: diagnosis of MOG-antibody disease, AQP4-neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder and multiple sclerosis, brain and cord MRI at least 6 months from relapse, EDSS on the day of MRI. Brain white matter T2 lesions, T1-hypointense lesions, cortical and cord lesions were identified. Random-forest models were constructed to classify patients as MOG-antibody disease/AQP4-neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder/multiple sclerosis; a leave one out cross-validation procedure assessed the performance of the models. Based on the best discriminators between diseases, we proposed a guide to target investigations for MOG-antibody disease. One hundred sixty-two patients with MOG-antibody disease (99F, mean age: 41 [±14] years, median EDSS: 2 [0-7.5]), 162 with AQP4-neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (132F, mean age: 51 [±14] years, median EDSS: 3.5 [0-8]), 189 with multiple sclerosis (132F, mean age: 40 [±10] years, median EDSS: 2 [0-8]) and 152 healthy controls (91F) were studied. In young patients (<34 years), with low disability (EDSS < 3), the absence of Dawson's fingers, temporal lobe lesions and longitudinally extensive lesions in the cervical cord pointed towards a diagnosis of MOG-antibody disease instead of the other two diseases (accuracy: 76%, sensitivity: 81%, specificity: 84%, p < 0.001). In these non-acute patients, a number of brain lesions < 6 predicted MOG-antibody disease versus multiple sclerosis (accuracy: 83%, sensitivity: 82%, specificity: 83%, p < 0.001). An EDSS < 3 and the absence of longitudinally extensive lesions in the cervical cord predicted MOG-antibody disease versus AQP4-neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (accuracy: 76%, sensitivity: 89%, specificity: 62%, p < 0.001). A workflow with sequential tests and supporting features has been proposed to guide a better identification of MOG-antibody disease patients. Adult non-acute MOG-antibody disease patients showed distinctive clinical and MRI features when compared to AQP4-neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder and multiple sclerosis. A careful inspection of the morphology of brain and cord lesions together with clinical information, can guide for further analyses towards diagnosis of MOG-antibody disease in clinical practice.
2023
aquaporin 4-antibody positive neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder
differential diagnosis
imaging
multiple sclerosis
myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibody-associated disease
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Brain 146_2489.pdf

solo gestori archivio

Tipologia: PDF editoriale (versione pubblicata dall'editore)
Licenza: Copyright dell'editore
Dimensione 793.25 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
793.25 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/135742
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 7
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 4
social impact