Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there may be a bi-atrial dysfunction in Takotsubo syndrome (TS) during the transient course of the disease, using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging feature tracking (CMR-FT) in analyzing bi-atrial strain. Method: Eighteen TS patients and 13 healthy controls were studied. Reservoir, conduit, and booster bi-atrial functions were analyzed by CMR-FT. The correlation between LA and RA strain parameters was assessed. Intra- and inter-observer reproducibility was evaluated for all strain and strain rate (SR) parameters using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) and Bland-Altman analysis. Results: Atrial strain were feasible in all patients and controls. Takotsubo patients showed an impaired LA Reservoir strain (SMALL ELEMENT OFs), LA Reservoir strain rate (SRs), LA and RA Conduit strain(SMALL ELEMENT OFe), LA and RA conduit strain rate (SRe) in comparison with controls (P < 0.001 for all of them), while no differences were found as to LA and RA booster deformation parameters (SMALL ELEMENT OFa and SRa). Analysis of correlation showed that LA SMALL ELEMENT OFs, SRs, SMALL ELEMENT OFe, and SRe were positively correlated with corresponding RA strain measurements (P < 0.001, r = 0.61 and P = 0,03, r = 0,54, respectively). Reproducibility was good to excellent for all atrial strain and strain rate parameters (ICCs ranging from 0,50 to 0,96). Conclusion: Atrial strain analysis using CMR-FT may be a useful tool to reveal new pathophysiological insights in Takotsubo cardiomyopathy. Additional studies, with a larger number of patients, are needed to confirm the possible role of these advanced CMR tools in characterizing TS patients.

Atrial Strain by Feature-Tracking Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy. Features, Feasibility, and Reproducibility / Cau, Riccardo; Bassareo, Pierpaolo; Caredda, Gloria; Suri, Jasjit S; Esposito, Antonio; Saba, Luca. - In: CANADIAN ASSOCIATION OF RADIOLOGISTS JOURNAL. - ISSN 0846-5371. - 73:3(2022), pp. 573-580. [10.1177/08465371211042497]

Atrial Strain by Feature-Tracking Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy. Features, Feasibility, and Reproducibility

Esposito, Antonio;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there may be a bi-atrial dysfunction in Takotsubo syndrome (TS) during the transient course of the disease, using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging feature tracking (CMR-FT) in analyzing bi-atrial strain. Method: Eighteen TS patients and 13 healthy controls were studied. Reservoir, conduit, and booster bi-atrial functions were analyzed by CMR-FT. The correlation between LA and RA strain parameters was assessed. Intra- and inter-observer reproducibility was evaluated for all strain and strain rate (SR) parameters using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) and Bland-Altman analysis. Results: Atrial strain were feasible in all patients and controls. Takotsubo patients showed an impaired LA Reservoir strain (SMALL ELEMENT OFs), LA Reservoir strain rate (SRs), LA and RA Conduit strain(SMALL ELEMENT OFe), LA and RA conduit strain rate (SRe) in comparison with controls (P < 0.001 for all of them), while no differences were found as to LA and RA booster deformation parameters (SMALL ELEMENT OFa and SRa). Analysis of correlation showed that LA SMALL ELEMENT OFs, SRs, SMALL ELEMENT OFe, and SRe were positively correlated with corresponding RA strain measurements (P < 0.001, r = 0.61 and P = 0,03, r = 0,54, respectively). Reproducibility was good to excellent for all atrial strain and strain rate parameters (ICCs ranging from 0,50 to 0,96). Conclusion: Atrial strain analysis using CMR-FT may be a useful tool to reveal new pathophysiological insights in Takotsubo cardiomyopathy. Additional studies, with a larger number of patients, are needed to confirm the possible role of these advanced CMR tools in characterizing TS patients.
2022
CMR
CMR-FT
atrial strain
imaging
takotsubo cardiomyopathy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/135945
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