Hypertension is associated with more severe disease and adverse outcomes in COVID-19 patients. Recent investigations have indicated that hypertension might be an independent predictor of outcomes in COVID-19 patients regardless of other cardiovascular and noncardiovascular comorbidities. We explored the significance of coronary calcifications in 694 hypertensive patients in the Score-COVID registry, an Italian multicenter study conducted during the first pandemic wave in the Western world (March-April 2020). A total of 1565 patients admitted with RNA-PCR-positive nasopharyngeal swabs and chest computed tomography (CT) at hospital admission were included in the study. Clinical outcomes and cardiovascular calcifications were analyzed independently by a research core lab. Hypertensive patients had a different risk profile than nonhypertensive patients, with more cardiovascular comorbidities. The deceased hypertensive patients had a greater coronary calcification burden at the level of the anterior descending coronary artery. Hypertension status and the severity cutoffs of coronary calcifications were used to stratify the clinical outcomes. For every 100-mm(3) increase in coronary calcium volume, hospital mortality in hypertensive patients increased by 8%, regardless of sex, age, diabetes, creatinine, and lung interstitial involvement. The coronary calcium score contributes to stratifying the risk of complications in COVID-19 patients. Cardiovascular calcifications appear to be a promising imaging marker for providing pathophysiological insight into cardiovascular risk factors and COVID-19 outcomes.

Coronary calcium score as a predictor of outcomes in the hypertensive Covid-19 population: results from the Italian (S) Core-Covid-19 Registry / Cereda, Alberto; Toselli, Marco; Palmisano, Anna; Vignale, Davide; Khokhar, Arif; Campo, Gianluca; Bertini, Matteo; Loffi, Marco; Andreini, Daniele; Pontone, Gianluca; Patelli, Gianluigi; Sangiorgi, Giuseppe Massimo; Tumminello, Gabriele; Elia, Mariarosa; Iacovoni, Attilio; Carugo, Stefano; Rapezzi, Claudio; Colombo, Antonio; Giannini, Francesco; Esposito, Antonio. - In: HYPERTENSION RESEARCH. - ISSN 0916-9636. - 45:2(2022), pp. 333-343. [10.1038/s41440-021-00798-9]

Coronary calcium score as a predictor of outcomes in the hypertensive Covid-19 population: results from the Italian (S) Core-Covid-19 Registry

Palmisano, Anna;Vignale, Davide;Colombo, Antonio;Esposito, Antonio
2022-01-01

Abstract

Hypertension is associated with more severe disease and adverse outcomes in COVID-19 patients. Recent investigations have indicated that hypertension might be an independent predictor of outcomes in COVID-19 patients regardless of other cardiovascular and noncardiovascular comorbidities. We explored the significance of coronary calcifications in 694 hypertensive patients in the Score-COVID registry, an Italian multicenter study conducted during the first pandemic wave in the Western world (March-April 2020). A total of 1565 patients admitted with RNA-PCR-positive nasopharyngeal swabs and chest computed tomography (CT) at hospital admission were included in the study. Clinical outcomes and cardiovascular calcifications were analyzed independently by a research core lab. Hypertensive patients had a different risk profile than nonhypertensive patients, with more cardiovascular comorbidities. The deceased hypertensive patients had a greater coronary calcification burden at the level of the anterior descending coronary artery. Hypertension status and the severity cutoffs of coronary calcifications were used to stratify the clinical outcomes. For every 100-mm(3) increase in coronary calcium volume, hospital mortality in hypertensive patients increased by 8%, regardless of sex, age, diabetes, creatinine, and lung interstitial involvement. The coronary calcium score contributes to stratifying the risk of complications in COVID-19 patients. Cardiovascular calcifications appear to be a promising imaging marker for providing pathophysiological insight into cardiovascular risk factors and COVID-19 outcomes.
2022
Calcium Score
Cardiovascular Calcification
Coronary Calcification
Covid-19
Hypertension
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/135956
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