Several conditions as trauma, cancer surgical resection, fractures, congenital malformations and periodontitis could bring alveolar bone defects. To avoid more invasive and less predictable regenerative procedures, Stem cells of different origins as pluripotent Embryonic Stem Cells (ESCs), undifferentiated multipotent Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) and Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPSCs) were proposed as possible alternative. IPSCs have potential for proliferation and differentiate into all derivatives of the three primary germ layers: ectoderm, endoderm and mesoderm. According with their ability to involve in several cells type, Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPSCs) could be proposed as alternative in regeneration either of mineralized tooth components or supporting tissue. The aim of this brief review is to describe clinical applications of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPSCs) in oral bone regeneration to employ their use in tissue regeneration in dentistry.
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