Purpose:To report a cohort of patients with a punctate inner choroidopathy (PIC)-like reaction in concurrent, unrelated, chorioretinal disorders.Methods:This was a retrospective observational study of patients seen at two referral centers with lesions consistent with PIC on multimodal imaging; patients with lesions resembling idiopathic multifocal choroiditis were also included. Active PIC-like lesions appeared as focal hyperreflective lesions splitting the retinal pigment epithelium/Bruch membrane (RPE/BrM) complex on optical coherence tomography. Chronic PIC-like lesions included subretinal fibrosis, multifocal punched-out chorioretinal atrophy, and curvilinear streaks. Patients' demographics, additional imaging features, and treatment responses were collected and summarized.Results:Twenty-two eyes of 16 patients with a PIC-like reaction were included (75% females; median age 40 years). Underlying diagnoses included hereditary retinal conditions (10 patients, 63%) and acquired etiologies, all characterized by the RPE/BrM or outer retinal disruption. Fifteen eyes (68%) had active PIC-like lesions; seven eyes (32%) had chronic PIC-like lesions. Active PIC-like lesions regressed with time and responded to systemic steroids. Subretinal fibrosis (3 eyes, 20%), macular atrophy (3 eyes, 20%), and concomitant subretinal fibrosis and macular atrophy (5 eyes, 33%) developed on follow-up. Recurrences occurred in five eyes (23%).Conclusion:RPE/BrM or outer retina disruption may trigger a PIC-like reaction in susceptible patients, presumably because of the loss of immune privilege. A PIC-like reaction may influence the clinical progression and the visual prognosis of the primary chorioretinal disease.

Punctate inner choroidopathy-like reactions in unrelated retinal diseases

Cicinelli M. V.;Miserocchi E.;Bandello F.;Battaglia Parodi M.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Purpose:To report a cohort of patients with a punctate inner choroidopathy (PIC)-like reaction in concurrent, unrelated, chorioretinal disorders.Methods:This was a retrospective observational study of patients seen at two referral centers with lesions consistent with PIC on multimodal imaging; patients with lesions resembling idiopathic multifocal choroiditis were also included. Active PIC-like lesions appeared as focal hyperreflective lesions splitting the retinal pigment epithelium/Bruch membrane (RPE/BrM) complex on optical coherence tomography. Chronic PIC-like lesions included subretinal fibrosis, multifocal punched-out chorioretinal atrophy, and curvilinear streaks. Patients' demographics, additional imaging features, and treatment responses were collected and summarized.Results:Twenty-two eyes of 16 patients with a PIC-like reaction were included (75% females; median age 40 years). Underlying diagnoses included hereditary retinal conditions (10 patients, 63%) and acquired etiologies, all characterized by the RPE/BrM or outer retinal disruption. Fifteen eyes (68%) had active PIC-like lesions; seven eyes (32%) had chronic PIC-like lesions. Active PIC-like lesions regressed with time and responded to systemic steroids. Subretinal fibrosis (3 eyes, 20%), macular atrophy (3 eyes, 20%), and concomitant subretinal fibrosis and macular atrophy (5 eyes, 33%) developed on follow-up. Recurrences occurred in five eyes (23%).Conclusion:RPE/BrM or outer retina disruption may trigger a PIC-like reaction in susceptible patients, presumably because of the loss of immune privilege. A PIC-like reaction may influence the clinical progression and the visual prognosis of the primary chorioretinal disease.
idiopathic multifocal choroiditis
multimodal imaging
multiple evanescent white dot syndrome
ocular inflammatory disease
punctate inner choroidopathy
white dot syndromes
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/136206
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