Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is an inflammatory disease characterized by a recurrent-remission trend and clinical lesions that range from asymptomatic to inflamed, deep-seated nodules with scarring and suppuration. The aim of our study was to identify morphologic and vascular features of HS nodules by means of dynamic optical coherence tomography (D-OCT) and to define if they are correlated to patient endotype and risk of disease progression. A set of standardized clinical pictures and D-OCT images were acquired from 57 inflammatory nodules of 40 patients affected by HS. A set of 20 clinical and D-OCT images were acquired from 20 healthy volunteers as a control group. The comparison of D-OCT features among HS and control group was analysed. The correlation between HS patient endotype and D-OCT features of the lesions was calculated. D-OCT enabled to identify vascular and morphological aspects characterizing HS nodular inflammatory lesions. In addition, several D-OCT features were significantly different among distinct disease endotypes. The characterization of HS nodular inflammatory lesions through D-OCT, corresponding to blood vessel dilation and inflammatory associated hyper-vascularization, may have important clinical consequences in the assessment of HS risk of progression, therapeutic decisions and treatment efficacy monitoring.

Hidradenitis suppurativa: Morphologic and vascular study of nodular inflammatory lesions by means of optical coherence tomography

Guida S.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is an inflammatory disease characterized by a recurrent-remission trend and clinical lesions that range from asymptomatic to inflamed, deep-seated nodules with scarring and suppuration. The aim of our study was to identify morphologic and vascular features of HS nodules by means of dynamic optical coherence tomography (D-OCT) and to define if they are correlated to patient endotype and risk of disease progression. A set of standardized clinical pictures and D-OCT images were acquired from 57 inflammatory nodules of 40 patients affected by HS. A set of 20 clinical and D-OCT images were acquired from 20 healthy volunteers as a control group. The comparison of D-OCT features among HS and control group was analysed. The correlation between HS patient endotype and D-OCT features of the lesions was calculated. D-OCT enabled to identify vascular and morphological aspects characterizing HS nodular inflammatory lesions. In addition, several D-OCT features were significantly different among distinct disease endotypes. The characterization of HS nodular inflammatory lesions through D-OCT, corresponding to blood vessel dilation and inflammatory associated hyper-vascularization, may have important clinical consequences in the assessment of HS risk of progression, therapeutic decisions and treatment efficacy monitoring.
endotypes
Hidradenitis suppurativa
optical coherence tomography
therapy
vascularization
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/136400
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