Isolated rapid-eye-movement sleep behaviour disorder (RBD) is considered the prodromal stage of α-synucleinopathies (e.g., Parkinson’s disease and dementia with Lewy bodies); however, iRBD patients show a wide variety in the progression timing (5–15 years). The model of cognitive reserve (CR) might contribute to explaining this phenomenon. Our exploratory study aimed to evaluate, for the first time, the impact of CR level on cognitive performance in polysomnography-confirmed iRBD patients. Fifty-five iRBD patients (mean age ± SD: 66.38 ± 7.51; M/F 44/11) underwent clinical and neuropsychological evaluations at the time of diagnosis. The CR Index questionnaire was part of the clinical assessment. We found that iRBD patients with high levels of CR showed: (i) the lowest percentage of mild cognitive impairment (10%), and (ii) the best performance in visuo-constructive and verbal memory functions (i.e., the recall of the Rey–Osterrieth complex figure test). Our results suggest that CR might help iRBD patients better cope with the cognitive decline related to the neurodegenerative process, providing the first preliminary findings supporting CR as a possible protective factor in this condition. This might pave the way for future longitudinal studies to evaluate the role of CR as a modulating factor in the timing of iRBD conversion and cognitive deterioration development.

Cognitive Reserve in Isolated Rapid Eye-Movement Sleep Behavior Disorder / D'Este, Giada; Berra, Francesca; Carli, Giulia; Leitner, Caterina; Marelli, Sara; Zucconi, Marco; Casoni, Francesca; FERINI STRAMBI, Luigi; Galbiati, Andrea. - In: BRAIN SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3425. - 13:2(2023). [10.3390/brainsci13020176]

Cognitive Reserve in Isolated Rapid Eye-Movement Sleep Behavior Disorder

Giada D'Este
Primo
;
Francesca Berra
Secondo
;
Giulia Carli;Caterina Leitner;Sara Marelli;Luigi Ferini-Strambi
Penultimo
;
Andrea Galbiati
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

Isolated rapid-eye-movement sleep behaviour disorder (RBD) is considered the prodromal stage of α-synucleinopathies (e.g., Parkinson’s disease and dementia with Lewy bodies); however, iRBD patients show a wide variety in the progression timing (5–15 years). The model of cognitive reserve (CR) might contribute to explaining this phenomenon. Our exploratory study aimed to evaluate, for the first time, the impact of CR level on cognitive performance in polysomnography-confirmed iRBD patients. Fifty-five iRBD patients (mean age ± SD: 66.38 ± 7.51; M/F 44/11) underwent clinical and neuropsychological evaluations at the time of diagnosis. The CR Index questionnaire was part of the clinical assessment. We found that iRBD patients with high levels of CR showed: (i) the lowest percentage of mild cognitive impairment (10%), and (ii) the best performance in visuo-constructive and verbal memory functions (i.e., the recall of the Rey–Osterrieth complex figure test). Our results suggest that CR might help iRBD patients better cope with the cognitive decline related to the neurodegenerative process, providing the first preliminary findings supporting CR as a possible protective factor in this condition. This might pave the way for future longitudinal studies to evaluate the role of CR as a modulating factor in the timing of iRBD conversion and cognitive deterioration development.
2023
rapid-eye-movement sleep behaviour disorder; RBD; sleep disorders; cognitive reserve; Cognitive Reserve Index questionnaire; neurodegenerative disorders; α-synucleinopathies; neuropsychology; neuropsychological evaluation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/136739
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