The hexanic extract of Serenoa repens (HESr) has been in use for decades as an effective, safe and well-tolerated therapy for relieving bothersome lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) associated with benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH). This manuscript gives an overview of HESr as monotherapy for LUTS/BPH treatment and focuses on the currently available literature investigating the possible clinical benefits of HESr combination therapy with alpha-blockers. Combination therapy of HESr with alpha-blockers has been gaining significant interest in recent years, as an increasing body of evidence shows the beneficial pharmacological effects that HESr treatment can add to standard first-line treatment with alpha-blockers. By reducing persistent Prostatic Inflammatory Status (PIS), commonly present in LUTS/BPH patients, HESr complements the relaxation of prostate smooth muscle induced by alpha-blockers, thus providing additional symptom relief. Data suggest that patients harbouring PIS and having a specific clinical profile might especially benefit from the combination therapy. Future therapeutic efforts may take advantage of more personalised strategies for LUTS/BPH management.
The Role of Combination Therapy with α-Blockers and Hexanic Extract of Serenoa repens in the Treatment of LUTS/BPH / De Nunzio, Cosimo; Salonia, Andrea; Gacci, Mauro; Ficarra, Vincenzo. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 11:23(2022), p. 7169. [10.3390/jcm11237169]