Objective: To evaluate the safety and cost effectiveness of carotid surgery performed altering the perioperative protocol in an attempt to decrease resource utilisation. Setting: Department of vascular surgery in a large metropolitan teaching hospital in northern Italy. Design: Prospective, non-selective study. Materials and Methods: Three hundred and eighty carotid procedures were performed in 1995 on 343 patients (274 males, 69 females, mean age 68.2 years, range 47-86 years). The most important cost containment measures were: (i) limiting the use of contrast arteriography to cases of dubious ultrasonic diagnosis; (ii) routine use of loco-regional anaesthesia; (iii) postoperative admission to an intensive care unit (ICU) only in selected cases; (iv) early postoperative discharge where possible. Results: Mortality was 0.26% and neurological morbidity 1.58%. General anaesthesia was required in eight patients (2.1%), and only seven patients (1.8%) were admitted postoperatively to the ICU. Arteriography was performed in 56 cases (14.7%). The average hospital stay was 5 days with a global cost of 43 036 ECU, as compared with a cost of 6764 ECU for patients treated traditionally with routine arteriography, general anaesthesia and routine ICU admission. Conclusions: Selective use of arteriography and ICU, routine use of loco-regional anaesthesia and reduced hospital stay make it possible to lower the cost of carotid surgery without sacrificing quality.

Safe and cost-effective approach to carotid surgery

MELISSANO , GERMANO;CHIESA , ROBERTO
1997

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the safety and cost effectiveness of carotid surgery performed altering the perioperative protocol in an attempt to decrease resource utilisation. Setting: Department of vascular surgery in a large metropolitan teaching hospital in northern Italy. Design: Prospective, non-selective study. Materials and Methods: Three hundred and eighty carotid procedures were performed in 1995 on 343 patients (274 males, 69 females, mean age 68.2 years, range 47-86 years). The most important cost containment measures were: (i) limiting the use of contrast arteriography to cases of dubious ultrasonic diagnosis; (ii) routine use of loco-regional anaesthesia; (iii) postoperative admission to an intensive care unit (ICU) only in selected cases; (iv) early postoperative discharge where possible. Results: Mortality was 0.26% and neurological morbidity 1.58%. General anaesthesia was required in eight patients (2.1%), and only seven patients (1.8%) were admitted postoperatively to the ICU. Arteriography was performed in 56 cases (14.7%). The average hospital stay was 5 days with a global cost of 43 036 ECU, as compared with a cost of 6764 ECU for patients treated traditionally with routine arteriography, general anaesthesia and routine ICU admission. Conclusions: Selective use of arteriography and ICU, routine use of loco-regional anaesthesia and reduced hospital stay make it possible to lower the cost of carotid surgery without sacrificing quality.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/1373
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