There are situations where non-first-degree (NFD) related donors have to be considered as alternatives to first-degree (FD) related donors for haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplantation (HAPLO). However, the efficacy of these NFD related transplants remains uncertain. All consecutive adult patients (≥ 18 years) with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) or acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) in CR who underwent a first HAPLO between 2010 and 2021 in the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) registry were analyzed. Exact matching and propensity score matching was used. The NFD-to-FD ratio was 1:3. 2703 patients (AML: n = 2047; ALL: n = 656) in CR received a first HAPLO from either NFD (n = 154) or FD (n = 2549) related donors in 177 EBMT centers. 123 NFD and 324 FD HAPLO were included for analysis after matching. Median patient age was 35.6 and 37.2 for the NFD and FD cohorts, respectively. Both cohorts reached good engraftment rates (NFD: 95.7% vs. FD, 95.6%; p = 0.78). The 2-year relapse incidence (NFD, 21.1% vs. FD, 22.6%; p = 0.84) and non-relapse mortality (NRM) (NFD, 13.2% vs. FD, 17.7%; p = 0.33) were not significantly different. The 2-year overall survival (OS) (NFD, 71.8% vs. FD, 68.3%; p = 0.56), leukemia-free survival (LFS) (NFD, 65.7% vs. FD, 59.7%; p = 0.6) and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD)-free, relapse-free survival (GRFS) (NFD, 50.9% vs. FD, 47.8%; p = 0.69) also showed no significant differences. The two cohorts showed no difference in terms of cumulative day 180 grade II-IV, grade III-IV acute GVHD, 2-year cumulative incidences of chronic and extensive chronic GVHD. For HAPLO in patients with acute leukemia, NFD related donors could be equivalent substitutions when FD related donors are not available.

Similar outcomes following non-first-degree and first-degree related donor haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplantation for acute leukemia patients in complete remission: a study from the Global Committee and the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation

Ciceri F.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

There are situations where non-first-degree (NFD) related donors have to be considered as alternatives to first-degree (FD) related donors for haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplantation (HAPLO). However, the efficacy of these NFD related transplants remains uncertain. All consecutive adult patients (≥ 18 years) with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) or acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) in CR who underwent a first HAPLO between 2010 and 2021 in the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) registry were analyzed. Exact matching and propensity score matching was used. The NFD-to-FD ratio was 1:3. 2703 patients (AML: n = 2047; ALL: n = 656) in CR received a first HAPLO from either NFD (n = 154) or FD (n = 2549) related donors in 177 EBMT centers. 123 NFD and 324 FD HAPLO were included for analysis after matching. Median patient age was 35.6 and 37.2 for the NFD and FD cohorts, respectively. Both cohorts reached good engraftment rates (NFD: 95.7% vs. FD, 95.6%; p = 0.78). The 2-year relapse incidence (NFD, 21.1% vs. FD, 22.6%; p = 0.84) and non-relapse mortality (NRM) (NFD, 13.2% vs. FD, 17.7%; p = 0.33) were not significantly different. The 2-year overall survival (OS) (NFD, 71.8% vs. FD, 68.3%; p = 0.56), leukemia-free survival (LFS) (NFD, 65.7% vs. FD, 59.7%; p = 0.6) and graft-versus-host disease (GVHD)-free, relapse-free survival (GRFS) (NFD, 50.9% vs. FD, 47.8%; p = 0.69) also showed no significant differences. The two cohorts showed no difference in terms of cumulative day 180 grade II-IV, grade III-IV acute GVHD, 2-year cumulative incidences of chronic and extensive chronic GVHD. For HAPLO in patients with acute leukemia, NFD related donors could be equivalent substitutions when FD related donors are not available.
2023
First-degree related donor
Haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplantation
Non-first-degree related donor
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/138423
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