The SDF-1 3'A allelic polymorphism has been reported to influence either positively or negatively the progression of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) disease. Therefore, the SDF-1 genotype of 729 HIV-1-infected individuals pooled from 3 distinct cohorts was determined. A statistically nonsignificant association between the SDF1-3'Al3'A genotype and accelerated disease progression was evident among seroconverters (n = 319), but a striking correlation of decreased survival after either diagnosis of AIDS according to the 1993 definition or loss of CD4(+) T cell counts <200 was observed. The relative hazards for SDF1-3'Al 3'A homozygotes, compared with heterozygotes and wild-type homozygotes were 2.16 (P = .0047), for time from diagnosis according to the 1993 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention AIDS case definition (AIDS-'93) to death, and 3.43 (P = .0001), for time from CD4(+) T cells <200 to death, Because no difference in survival was observed after diagnosis according to AIDS-'87, the association of the SDF1-3'A/3'A genotype with the accelerated progression of late-stage HIV-1 disease appears to be explained for the most part by the loss of CD4(+) T lymphocytes.

Shorter survival of SDF1-3 ' Al3 ' A homozygotes linked to CD4(+) T cell decrease in advanced human immunodeficiency virus type I infection

POLI , GUIDO;
2000

Abstract

The SDF-1 3'A allelic polymorphism has been reported to influence either positively or negatively the progression of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) disease. Therefore, the SDF-1 genotype of 729 HIV-1-infected individuals pooled from 3 distinct cohorts was determined. A statistically nonsignificant association between the SDF1-3'Al3'A genotype and accelerated disease progression was evident among seroconverters (n = 319), but a striking correlation of decreased survival after either diagnosis of AIDS according to the 1993 definition or loss of CD4(+) T cell counts <200 was observed. The relative hazards for SDF1-3'Al 3'A homozygotes, compared with heterozygotes and wild-type homozygotes were 2.16 (P = .0047), for time from diagnosis according to the 1993 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention AIDS case definition (AIDS-'93) to death, and 3.43 (P = .0001), for time from CD4(+) T cells <200 to death, Because no difference in survival was observed after diagnosis according to AIDS-'87, the association of the SDF1-3'A/3'A genotype with the accelerated progression of late-stage HIV-1 disease appears to be explained for the most part by the loss of CD4(+) T lymphocytes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/1385
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