Enzymes catalyzing the hydrolysis of the N-glycosidic bond in nucleosides and other ribosides (N-ribohydrolases, NHs) with diverse substrate specificities are found in all kingdoms of life. While the overall NH fold is highly conserved, limited substitutions and insertions can account for differences in substrate selection, catalytic efficiency, and distinct structural features. The NH structural module is also employed in monomeric proteins devoid of enzymatic activity with different physiological roles. The homo-oligomeric quaternary structure of active NHs parallels the different catalytic strategies used by each isozyme, while providing a buttressing effect to maintain the active site geometry and allow the conformational changes required for catalysis. The unique features of the NH catalytic strategy and structure make these proteins attractive targets for diverse therapeutic goals in different diseases.

Structure, Oligomerization and Activity Modulation in N-Ribohydrolases

Degano, Massimo
Primo
Writing – Review & Editing
2022-01-01

Abstract

Enzymes catalyzing the hydrolysis of the N-glycosidic bond in nucleosides and other ribosides (N-ribohydrolases, NHs) with diverse substrate specificities are found in all kingdoms of life. While the overall NH fold is highly conserved, limited substitutions and insertions can account for differences in substrate selection, catalytic efficiency, and distinct structural features. The NH structural module is also employed in monomeric proteins devoid of enzymatic activity with different physiological roles. The homo-oligomeric quaternary structure of active NHs parallels the different catalytic strategies used by each isozyme, while providing a buttressing effect to maintain the active site geometry and allow the conformational changes required for catalysis. The unique features of the NH catalytic strategy and structure make these proteins attractive targets for diverse therapeutic goals in different diseases.
2022
N-ribohydrolases
drug design
quaternary structure
ribosides
structural enzymology
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/139101
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