Evidence indicates that different pathways of malignant degeneration underlie the development of endometriosis-associated ovarian tumors of endometrioid and clear cell histotypes. The aim of this study was to compare data from patients affected by these two histotypes to investigate the hypothesis of a dichotomy in the histogenesis of these tumors. Clinical data and tumor characteristics of 48 patients who were diagnosed with either pure clear cell ovarian cancer and mixed endometrioid–clear cell ovarian cancer arising from endometriosis (ECC, n = 22) or endometriosis-associated endometrioid ovarian cancer (EAEOC, n = 26) were compared. A previous diagnosis of endometriosis was detected more frequently in the ECC group (32% vs. 4%, p = 0.01). The incidence of bilaterality was significantly higher in the EAOEC group (35% vs. 5%, p = 0.01) as well as a solid/cystic rate at gross pathology (57.7 ± 7.9% vs. 30.9 ± 7.5%, p = 0.02). Patients with ECC had a more advanced disease stage (41% vs. 15%; p = 0.04). A synchronous endometrial carcinoma was detected in 38% of EAEOC patients. A comparison of the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage at diagnosis showed a significantly decreasing trend for ECC compared to EAEOC (p = 0.02). These findings support the hypothesis that the origin, clinical behavior and relationship with endometriosis might be different for these histotypes. ECC, unlike EAEOC, seems to develop within an endometriotic cyst, thus representing a window of possibility for ultrasound-based early diagnosis.

Endometriosis-Related Ovarian Cancers: Evidence for a Dichotomy in the Histogenesis of the Two Associated Histotypes / Bergamini, Alice; Mangili, Giorgia; Ambrosi, Alessandro; Taccagni, Gianluca; Rabaiotti, Emanuela; Bocciolone, Luca; Candotti, Giorgio; Cioffi, Raffaella; Pella, Francesca; Sabetta, Giulia; Saponaro, Costanza; Candiani, Massimo. - In: DIAGNOSTICS. - ISSN 2075-4418. - 13:8(2023), p. 1425. [10.3390/diagnostics13081425]

Endometriosis-Related Ovarian Cancers: Evidence for a Dichotomy in the Histogenesis of the Two Associated Histotypes

Bergamini, Alice
Primo
;
Ambrosi, Alessandro;Candotti, Giorgio;Cioffi, Raffaella;Sabetta, Giulia;Saponaro, Costanza
Penultimo
;
Candiani, Massimo
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

Evidence indicates that different pathways of malignant degeneration underlie the development of endometriosis-associated ovarian tumors of endometrioid and clear cell histotypes. The aim of this study was to compare data from patients affected by these two histotypes to investigate the hypothesis of a dichotomy in the histogenesis of these tumors. Clinical data and tumor characteristics of 48 patients who were diagnosed with either pure clear cell ovarian cancer and mixed endometrioid–clear cell ovarian cancer arising from endometriosis (ECC, n = 22) or endometriosis-associated endometrioid ovarian cancer (EAEOC, n = 26) were compared. A previous diagnosis of endometriosis was detected more frequently in the ECC group (32% vs. 4%, p = 0.01). The incidence of bilaterality was significantly higher in the EAOEC group (35% vs. 5%, p = 0.01) as well as a solid/cystic rate at gross pathology (57.7 ± 7.9% vs. 30.9 ± 7.5%, p = 0.02). Patients with ECC had a more advanced disease stage (41% vs. 15%; p = 0.04). A synchronous endometrial carcinoma was detected in 38% of EAEOC patients. A comparison of the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage at diagnosis showed a significantly decreasing trend for ECC compared to EAEOC (p = 0.02). These findings support the hypothesis that the origin, clinical behavior and relationship with endometriosis might be different for these histotypes. ECC, unlike EAEOC, seems to develop within an endometriotic cyst, thus representing a window of possibility for ultrasound-based early diagnosis.
2023
ovarian cancer; endometrioid ovarian cancer; clear cell ovarian cancer; endometriosis; carcinogenesis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/139856
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