Background/Aims: To demonstrate two distinct pathways to geographic atrophy (GA) that originate from soft drusen/ pigment epithelial detachments (PEDs) and subretinal drusenoid deposits (SDDs), respectively, and are characterized by their final quantitative autofluorescence (qAF) levels. Methods: 23 eyes of 18 patients with GA underwent spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and qAF imaging on the qAF-ready Heidelberg Spectralis. 52 GA Regions-of-interest (ROIs), or clusters of adjacent lesions, were selected, and the ROIs were divided into groups by the dominant iAMD precursors on prior serial tracked SD-OCT scans. Mean qAF values and structural SD-OCT findings of groups were compared. Results: Group 1 lesions (soft drusen/PED precursors, 18/52) were isolated, with lower mean qAF (35.88 ± 12.75 units); group 3 lesions (SDD precursors, 12/52) were multilobular, with significantly higher mean qAF (71.62 ± 12.12 units, p < 0.05). Group 2 lesions, (mixed precursors, 22/52) had intermediate mean qAF (58.13 ± 67.92 units). Significantly greater prevalence of split RPE/ Bruch’s membrane complex in SDD-associated GA, suggesting basal laminar deposit (BLamD), than in drusen-associated lesions was the major structural difference. Conclusion: Quantitative autofluorescence (qAF) of GA lesions may reflect two distinct pathogenic pathways and structural outcomes, originating from soft drusen/PED and subretinal drusenoid deposits (SDDs), with the final qAF values lower or higher, respectively. Basal laminar deposit specifically in and adjacent to SDD-associated lesions may account for their greater autofluorescence. The potential importance of this paradigm is that it could direct, simplify and facilitate research on geographic atrophy by dividing the disease into two components that may be studied separately.

Two potentially distinct pathways to geographic atrophy in age-related macular degeneration characterized by quantitative fundus autofluorescence

Querques G.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background/Aims: To demonstrate two distinct pathways to geographic atrophy (GA) that originate from soft drusen/ pigment epithelial detachments (PEDs) and subretinal drusenoid deposits (SDDs), respectively, and are characterized by their final quantitative autofluorescence (qAF) levels. Methods: 23 eyes of 18 patients with GA underwent spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and qAF imaging on the qAF-ready Heidelberg Spectralis. 52 GA Regions-of-interest (ROIs), or clusters of adjacent lesions, were selected, and the ROIs were divided into groups by the dominant iAMD precursors on prior serial tracked SD-OCT scans. Mean qAF values and structural SD-OCT findings of groups were compared. Results: Group 1 lesions (soft drusen/PED precursors, 18/52) were isolated, with lower mean qAF (35.88 ± 12.75 units); group 3 lesions (SDD precursors, 12/52) were multilobular, with significantly higher mean qAF (71.62 ± 12.12 units, p < 0.05). Group 2 lesions, (mixed precursors, 22/52) had intermediate mean qAF (58.13 ± 67.92 units). Significantly greater prevalence of split RPE/ Bruch’s membrane complex in SDD-associated GA, suggesting basal laminar deposit (BLamD), than in drusen-associated lesions was the major structural difference. Conclusion: Quantitative autofluorescence (qAF) of GA lesions may reflect two distinct pathogenic pathways and structural outcomes, originating from soft drusen/PED and subretinal drusenoid deposits (SDDs), with the final qAF values lower or higher, respectively. Basal laminar deposit specifically in and adjacent to SDD-associated lesions may account for their greater autofluorescence. The potential importance of this paradigm is that it could direct, simplify and facilitate research on geographic atrophy by dividing the disease into two components that may be studied separately.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/140377
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