Relation between sport and crime could be described in many ways: Sport could lead to criminal conducts, athlets could become victims, sport activities could be seen as a social tool to prevent crime, just to name a few. Nowadays, at least in Italy, hooliganism has been the most examined aspect of this topic, while little or no has been studied concerning the not so conventional kind of crimes nor the organized ones, especially doping and illegal football pools. Authors, who established a working group called: "Legaspo" (Sport Legality), examined different documents, such as some sentences and the papers concerning Italian inquieries called "Totonero" and "Last Bet"; also, some young athlets have been interviewed and asked to do some questioannaires. Authors, after all these analysis, employ theoretical acquisitions taken from subcultures and differential associations theories, on doping and illegal football pools phenomena, coining a new theory called differential subcultures. The rules of this new theory are shown below: 1. the most important thing is to win, at any price; 2. the most important thing is to win, even if this means behave dangerously for your health; 3. what could be called "ethic" is defined by people around you in that moment 4. earning money is more important than winning 5. as long as you earn money, it doesn't matter the group of people you decide to spend your time with. Results show that repressive actions alone can't be enough to prevent crime and, in addition, it is desirable a cultural and educational method to legality.
The rules of the game and the game of the rules: Differential subcultures in sport crimes / Merzagora, I.; Travaini, G. V.. - In: RASSEGNA ITALIANA DI CRIMINOLOGIA. - ISSN 1121-1717. - 4:(2014), pp. 254-265.