Background: Among patients having noncardiac surgery, perioperative hemodynamic abnormalities are associated with vascular complications. Uncertainty remains about what intraoperative blood pressure to target and how to manage long-term antihypertensive medications perioperatively. Objective: To compare the effects of a hypotension-avoidance and a hypertension-avoidance strategy on major vascular complications after noncardiac surgery. Design: Partial factorial randomized trial of 2 perioperative blood pressure management strategies (reported here) and tranexamic acid versus placebo. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT03505723). Setting: 110 hospitals in 22 countries. Patients: 7490 patients having noncardiac surgery who were at risk for vascular complications and were receiving 1 or more long-term antihypertensive medications. Intervention: In the hypotension-avoidance strategy group, the intraoperative mean arterial pressure target was 80 mm Hg or greater; before and for 2 days after surgery, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors were withheld and the other long-term antihypertensive medications were administered only for systolic blood pressures 130 mm Hg or greater, following an algorithm. In the hypertension-avoidance strategy group, the intraoperative mean arterial pressure target was 60 mm Hg or greater; all antihypertensive medications were continued before and after surgery. Measurements: The primary outcome was a composite of vascular death and nonfatal myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery, stroke, and cardiac arrest at 30 days. Outcome adjudicators were masked to treatment assignment. Results: The primary outcome occurred in 520 of 3742 patients (13.9%) in the hypotension-avoidance group and in 524 of 3748 patients (14.0%) in the hypertension-avoidance group (hazard ratio, 0.99 [95% CI, 0.88 to 1.12]; P = 0.92). Results were consistent for patients who used 1 or more than 1 antihypertensive medication in the long term. Limitation: Adherence to the assigned strategies was suboptimal; however, results were consistent across different adherence levels. Conclusion: In patients having noncardiac surgery, our hypotension-avoidance and hypertension-avoidance strategies resulted in a similar incidence of major vascular complications. Primary funding source: Canadian Institutes of Health Research, National Health and Medical Research Council (Australia), and Research Grant Council of Hong Kong.

Hypotension-Avoidance Versus Hypertension-Avoidance Strategies in Noncardiac Surgery : An International Randomized Controlled Trial / Marcucci, Maura; Painter, Thomas W; Conen, David; Lomivorotov, Vladimir; Sessler, Daniel I; Chan, Matthew T V; Borges, Flavia K; Leslie, Kate; Duceppe, Emmanuelle; Martínez-Zapata, María José; Wang, Chew Yin; Xavier, Denis; Ofori, Sandra N; Wang, Michael Ke; Efremov, Sergey; Landoni, Giovanni; Kleinlugtenbelt, Ydo V; Szczeklik, Wojciech; Schmartz, Denis; Garg, Amit X; Short, Timothy G; Wittmann, Maria; Meyhoff, Christian S; Amir, Mohammed; Torres, David; Patel, Ameen; Ruetzler, Kurt; Parlow, Joel L; Tandon, Vikas; Fleischmann, Edith; Polanczyk, Carisi A; Lamy, Andre; Jayaram, Raja; Astrakov, Sergey V; Wu, William Ka Kei; Cheong, Chao Chia; Ayad, Sabry; Kirov, Mikhail; de Nadal, Miriam; Likhvantsev, Valery V; Paniagua, Pilar; Aguado, Hector J; Maheshwari, Kamal; Whitlock, Richard P; Mcgillion, Michael H; Vincent, Jessica; Copland, Ingrid; Balasubramanian, Kumar; Biccard, Bruce M; Srinathan, Sadeesh; Ismoilov, Samandar; Pettit, Shirley; Stillo, David; Kurz, Andrea; Belley-Côté, Emilie P; Spence, Jessica; Mcintyre, William F; Bangdiwala, Shrikant I; Guyatt, Gordon; Yusuf, Salim; Devereaux, P J. - In: ANNALS OF INTERNAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 0003-4819. - 176:5(2023), pp. 605-614. [10.7326/M22-3157]

Hypotension-Avoidance Versus Hypertension-Avoidance Strategies in Noncardiac Surgery : An International Randomized Controlled Trial

Landoni, Giovanni;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: Among patients having noncardiac surgery, perioperative hemodynamic abnormalities are associated with vascular complications. Uncertainty remains about what intraoperative blood pressure to target and how to manage long-term antihypertensive medications perioperatively. Objective: To compare the effects of a hypotension-avoidance and a hypertension-avoidance strategy on major vascular complications after noncardiac surgery. Design: Partial factorial randomized trial of 2 perioperative blood pressure management strategies (reported here) and tranexamic acid versus placebo. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT03505723). Setting: 110 hospitals in 22 countries. Patients: 7490 patients having noncardiac surgery who were at risk for vascular complications and were receiving 1 or more long-term antihypertensive medications. Intervention: In the hypotension-avoidance strategy group, the intraoperative mean arterial pressure target was 80 mm Hg or greater; before and for 2 days after surgery, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system inhibitors were withheld and the other long-term antihypertensive medications were administered only for systolic blood pressures 130 mm Hg or greater, following an algorithm. In the hypertension-avoidance strategy group, the intraoperative mean arterial pressure target was 60 mm Hg or greater; all antihypertensive medications were continued before and after surgery. Measurements: The primary outcome was a composite of vascular death and nonfatal myocardial injury after noncardiac surgery, stroke, and cardiac arrest at 30 days. Outcome adjudicators were masked to treatment assignment. Results: The primary outcome occurred in 520 of 3742 patients (13.9%) in the hypotension-avoidance group and in 524 of 3748 patients (14.0%) in the hypertension-avoidance group (hazard ratio, 0.99 [95% CI, 0.88 to 1.12]; P = 0.92). Results were consistent for patients who used 1 or more than 1 antihypertensive medication in the long term. Limitation: Adherence to the assigned strategies was suboptimal; however, results were consistent across different adherence levels. Conclusion: In patients having noncardiac surgery, our hypotension-avoidance and hypertension-avoidance strategies resulted in a similar incidence of major vascular complications. Primary funding source: Canadian Institutes of Health Research, National Health and Medical Research Council (Australia), and Research Grant Council of Hong Kong.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/140959
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