Upon infection, severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is predicted to interact with diverse cellular functions, such as the nonsense-mediated decay (NMD) pathway, as suggested by the identification of the core NMD factor upframeshift-1 (UPF1) in the SARS-CoV-2 interactome, and the retrograde transport from the Golgi to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) through the endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment (ERGIC), where coronavirus assembly occurs. Here, we investigated the expression and localization of the neuroblastoma-amplified sequence (NBAS) protein, a UPF1 partner for the NMD at the ER, participating also in retrograde transport, and of its functional partners, at early time points after SARS-CoV-2 infection of the human lung epithelial cell line Calu3. We found a significant decrease of DExH-Box Helicase 34 (DHX34), suppressor with morphogenetic effect on genitalia 5 (SMG5), and SMG7 expression at 6 h post-infection, followed by a significant increase of these genes and also UPF1 and UPF2 at 9 h post-infection. Conversely, NBAS and other genes coding for NMD factors were not modulated. Known NMD substrates related to cell stress (Growth Arrest Specific 5, GAS5; transducin beta-like 2, TBL2; and DNA damage-inducible transcript 3, DDIT3) were increased in infected cells, possibly as a result of alterations in the NMD pathway and of a direct effect of the infection. We also found that the expression of unconventional SNARE in the ER 1, USE1 (p31) and Zeste White 10 homolog, ZW10, partners of NBAS in the retrograde transport function, significantly increased over time in infected cells. Co-localization of NBAS and UPF1 proteins did not change within 24 h of infection nor did it differ in infected versus non-infected cells at 1 and 24 h after infection; similarly, the co-localization of NBAS and p31 proteins was not altered by infection in this short time frame. Finally, both NBAS and UPF1 were found to co-localize with SARS-CoV-2 S and N proteins. Overall, these data are preliminary evidence of an interaction between NBAS and NBAS-related functions and SARS-CoV-2 in infected cells, deserving further investigation.

Modulation of NBAS-Related Functions in the Early Response to SARS-CoV-2 Infection / Granata, V.; Pagani, I.; Morenghi, E.; Schiavone, M. L.; Lezzi, A.; Ghezzi, S.; Vicenzi, E.; Poli, G.; Sobacchi, C.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1422-0067. - 24:3(2023), p. 2634. [10.3390/ijms24032634]

Modulation of NBAS-Related Functions in the Early Response to SARS-CoV-2 Infection

Pagani I.
Secondo
;
Poli G.
Penultimo
;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Upon infection, severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is predicted to interact with diverse cellular functions, such as the nonsense-mediated decay (NMD) pathway, as suggested by the identification of the core NMD factor upframeshift-1 (UPF1) in the SARS-CoV-2 interactome, and the retrograde transport from the Golgi to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) through the endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi intermediate compartment (ERGIC), where coronavirus assembly occurs. Here, we investigated the expression and localization of the neuroblastoma-amplified sequence (NBAS) protein, a UPF1 partner for the NMD at the ER, participating also in retrograde transport, and of its functional partners, at early time points after SARS-CoV-2 infection of the human lung epithelial cell line Calu3. We found a significant decrease of DExH-Box Helicase 34 (DHX34), suppressor with morphogenetic effect on genitalia 5 (SMG5), and SMG7 expression at 6 h post-infection, followed by a significant increase of these genes and also UPF1 and UPF2 at 9 h post-infection. Conversely, NBAS and other genes coding for NMD factors were not modulated. Known NMD substrates related to cell stress (Growth Arrest Specific 5, GAS5; transducin beta-like 2, TBL2; and DNA damage-inducible transcript 3, DDIT3) were increased in infected cells, possibly as a result of alterations in the NMD pathway and of a direct effect of the infection. We also found that the expression of unconventional SNARE in the ER 1, USE1 (p31) and Zeste White 10 homolog, ZW10, partners of NBAS in the retrograde transport function, significantly increased over time in infected cells. Co-localization of NBAS and UPF1 proteins did not change within 24 h of infection nor did it differ in infected versus non-infected cells at 1 and 24 h after infection; similarly, the co-localization of NBAS and p31 proteins was not altered by infection in this short time frame. Finally, both NBAS and UPF1 were found to co-localize with SARS-CoV-2 S and N proteins. Overall, these data are preliminary evidence of an interaction between NBAS and NBAS-related functions and SARS-CoV-2 in infected cells, deserving further investigation.
2023
Calu3
NBAS
SARS-CoV-2
inflammation
nonsense-mediated decay
retrograde transport
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/141562
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