Objective: To evaluate the impact of healthcare reorganization during the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 pandemic on Italian colposcopy clinic activities, focusing on cervical excision procedures, follow-ups for conservative management of low-grade lesions, and follow-ups post cervical excision.Methods: Retrospective study conducted in 14 Italian colposcopy clinics. The number and clinical characteristics of cervical excisions, follow-ups for conservative management of low-grade lesions, and follow-ups after cervical excision were compared between the period March 1, 2019 to February 29, 2020 (pre-pandemic) and March 1, 2020 to February 28, 2021 (pandemic) with a Poisson regression analysis.Results: In the pandemic period, the number of cervical excisions was reduced by 8.8% (95% confidence interval [CI]=-15.6% to -2%; p=0.011). Excisions were less frequently performed in the operating room (-35.1%; 95% CI=-47.6% to -22.6%; p<0.001), the number of patients from spontaneous screening was reduced by -14.0% (95% CI=-23.4% to -4.6%; p=0.003), and the CO2-laser technique was used less frequently (-30%; 95% CI=-45.1% to -15.0%; p<0.001). As compared to the pre-pandemic period, the number of follow-ups for conservative management of low-grade lesions was reduced by -26.7% (95% CI=-39.0% to -14.4%; p<0.001), and the follow-up appointments after cervical excision were reduced by -51.0% (95% CI=-58.1% to -43.9%; p<0.001).Conclusion: The most significant impact of the healthcare reorganization during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic was on follow-ups after cervical excision. The resumption of disrupted activities should follow a risk-based prioritization, starting from women in follow-up after cervical excision. It is advisable that the trend of performing cervical excision as an outpatient procedure is maintained in the post-pandemic period.

Monitoring the activities of Italian colposcopy clinics before and during the COVID-19 pandemic / Carpini, G. D.; Rossi, P. G.; Giannella, L.; Di Giuseppe, J.; Clemente, N.; Sopracordevole, F.; Barbero, M.; Bogani, G.; De Vincenzo, R.; Origoni, M.; Cantatore, F.; Gardella, B.; Dominoni, M.; Monti, E.; Liverani, C. A.; Viscardi, A.; Pagan, A.; Amadori, A.; Alessi, C.; Andolfatto, M.; Cattani, P.; Pieralli, A.; Stevenazzi, G.; Ciavattini, A.. - In: JOURNAL OF GYNECOLOGIC ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 2005-0380. - 34:1(2023). [10.3802/jgo.2023.34.e7]

Monitoring the activities of Italian colposcopy clinics before and during the COVID-19 pandemic

Origoni M.
Investigation
;
Cantatore F.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the impact of healthcare reorganization during the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 pandemic on Italian colposcopy clinic activities, focusing on cervical excision procedures, follow-ups for conservative management of low-grade lesions, and follow-ups post cervical excision.Methods: Retrospective study conducted in 14 Italian colposcopy clinics. The number and clinical characteristics of cervical excisions, follow-ups for conservative management of low-grade lesions, and follow-ups after cervical excision were compared between the period March 1, 2019 to February 29, 2020 (pre-pandemic) and March 1, 2020 to February 28, 2021 (pandemic) with a Poisson regression analysis.Results: In the pandemic period, the number of cervical excisions was reduced by 8.8% (95% confidence interval [CI]=-15.6% to -2%; p=0.011). Excisions were less frequently performed in the operating room (-35.1%; 95% CI=-47.6% to -22.6%; p<0.001), the number of patients from spontaneous screening was reduced by -14.0% (95% CI=-23.4% to -4.6%; p=0.003), and the CO2-laser technique was used less frequently (-30%; 95% CI=-45.1% to -15.0%; p<0.001). As compared to the pre-pandemic period, the number of follow-ups for conservative management of low-grade lesions was reduced by -26.7% (95% CI=-39.0% to -14.4%; p<0.001), and the follow-up appointments after cervical excision were reduced by -51.0% (95% CI=-58.1% to -43.9%; p<0.001).Conclusion: The most significant impact of the healthcare reorganization during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic was on follow-ups after cervical excision. The resumption of disrupted activities should follow a risk-based prioritization, starting from women in follow-up after cervical excision. It is advisable that the trend of performing cervical excision as an outpatient procedure is maintained in the post-pandemic period.
2023
COVID-19 Pandemic
Cervical Cancer
Colposcopy
Conization
Screening
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/142116
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