BACKGROUND: Limited long-term data exist on patients who have undergone drug-eluting stenting of very long lesions (requiring >or=60 mm of continuous stent) in native coronary arteries ("full-metal jacket").METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined consecutive procedures taking place between March 2002 and 2007 at 2 high-volume centers in Milan, Italy. Exclusion criteria were percutaneous coronary intervention for restenosis, percutaneous coronary intervention to a bypass graft, or percutaneous coronary intervention for acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (MI). We identified 658 full-metal jacket lesions in 617 patients. Average age of the cohort was 62.0+/-10.6; 32.8% were diabetic, 51.5% had a previous MI, and 33.4% had undergone a previous percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. Mean ejection fraction was 52.1+/-10.4%. The lesion was a chronic total occlusion in 33.0%. Median duration of clinical follow-up was 39 months (interquartile range, 28 to 50). Six-month follow-up was achieved in 97% of patients; 2-year follow-up was achieved in 91%. All-cause mortality rate was 7.3%; cardiac death rate was 3.6%. Non-procedure-related MI rates were 3.5%. Target lesion revascularization rates were 23.4%. There were 17 cases of Academic Research Consortium-defined definite or probable stent thrombosis (2.6%): 5 acute, 2 subacute, 6 late, and 4 very late. Ten of the 17 cases occurred while the patient was receiving dual antiplatelet therapy; 4 of the 17 after premature termination of 1 or both antiplatelets, and 3 of the 17 occurred while the patient was receiving single-antiplatelet therapy, after having completed the prescribed course of dual antiplatelet therapy.CONCLUSIONS: When very long lesions (>or=60 mm) were treated using overlapping drug-eluting stents, 23.4% required a further procedure for restenosis at 3-year follow-up. However, MI, stent thrombosis, and cardiac mortality rates were relatively low.

Long-term follow-up on a large cohort of "full-metal jacket" percutaneous coronary intervention procedures / Sharp Andrew, S. P.; Latib, Azeem; Ielasi, Alfonso; Larosa, Claudio; Godino, Cosmo; Saolini, Marta; Magni, Valeria; Gerber Robert, T.; Montorfano, M; Carlino, Mauro; Michev, Iassen; Chieffo, Alaide; Colombo, Antonio. - In: CIRCULATION. CARDIOVASCULAR INTERVENTIONS. - ISSN 1941-7632. - (2009). [10.1161/CIRCINTERVENTIONS.109.886945]

Long-term follow-up on a large cohort of "full-metal jacket" percutaneous coronary intervention procedures

Montorfano M;Chieffo Alaide;
2009-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Limited long-term data exist on patients who have undergone drug-eluting stenting of very long lesions (requiring >or=60 mm of continuous stent) in native coronary arteries ("full-metal jacket").METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined consecutive procedures taking place between March 2002 and 2007 at 2 high-volume centers in Milan, Italy. Exclusion criteria were percutaneous coronary intervention for restenosis, percutaneous coronary intervention to a bypass graft, or percutaneous coronary intervention for acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (MI). We identified 658 full-metal jacket lesions in 617 patients. Average age of the cohort was 62.0+/-10.6; 32.8% were diabetic, 51.5% had a previous MI, and 33.4% had undergone a previous percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. Mean ejection fraction was 52.1+/-10.4%. The lesion was a chronic total occlusion in 33.0%. Median duration of clinical follow-up was 39 months (interquartile range, 28 to 50). Six-month follow-up was achieved in 97% of patients; 2-year follow-up was achieved in 91%. All-cause mortality rate was 7.3%; cardiac death rate was 3.6%. Non-procedure-related MI rates were 3.5%. Target lesion revascularization rates were 23.4%. There were 17 cases of Academic Research Consortium-defined definite or probable stent thrombosis (2.6%): 5 acute, 2 subacute, 6 late, and 4 very late. Ten of the 17 cases occurred while the patient was receiving dual antiplatelet therapy; 4 of the 17 after premature termination of 1 or both antiplatelets, and 3 of the 17 occurred while the patient was receiving single-antiplatelet therapy, after having completed the prescribed course of dual antiplatelet therapy.CONCLUSIONS: When very long lesions (>or=60 mm) were treated using overlapping drug-eluting stents, 23.4% required a further procedure for restenosis at 3-year follow-up. However, MI, stent thrombosis, and cardiac mortality rates were relatively low.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/142992
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