Background: Guidelines recommend normocapnia for adults with coma who are resuscitated after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. However, mild hypercapnia increases cerebral blood flow and may improve neurologic outcomes. Methods: We randomly assigned adults with coma who had been resuscitated after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest of presumed cardiac or unknown cause and admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) in a 1:1 ratio to either 24 hours of mild hypercapnia (target partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide [Paco2], 50 to 55 mm Hg) or normocapnia (target Paco2, 35 to 45 mm Hg). The primary outcome was a favorable neurologic outcome, defined as a score of 5 (indicating lower moderate disability) or higher, as assessed with the use of the Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extended (range, 1 [death] to 8, with higher scores indicating better neurologic outcome) at 6 months. Secondary outcomes included death within 6 months. Results: A total of 1700 patients from 63 ICUs in 17 countries were recruited, with 847 patients assigned to targeted mild hypercapnia and 853 to targeted normocapnia. A favorable neurologic outcome at 6 months occurred in 332 of 764 patients (43.5%) in the mild hypercapnia group and in 350 of 784 (44.6%) in the normocapnia group (relative risk, 0.98; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.87 to 1.11; P = 0.76). Death within 6 months after randomization occurred in 393 of 816 patients (48.2%) in the mild hypercapnia group and in 382 of 832 (45.9%) in the normocapnia group (relative risk, 1.05; 95% CI, 0.94 to 1.16). The incidence of adverse events did not differ significantly between groups. Conclusions: In patients with coma who were resuscitated after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, targeted mild hypercapnia did not lead to better neurologic outcomes at 6 months than targeted normocapnia. (Funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia and others; TAME ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT03114033.).

Mild Hypercapnia or Normocapnia after Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest / Eastwood, Glenn; Nichol, Alistair D; Hodgson, Carol; Parke, Rachael L; Mcguinness, Shay; Nielsen, Niklas; Bernard, Stephen; Skrifvars, Markus B; Stub, Dion; Taccone, Fabio S; Archer, John; Kutsogiannis, Demetrios; Dankiewicz, Josef; Lilja, Gisela; Cronberg, Tobias; Kirkegaard, Hans; Capellier, Gilles; Landoni, Giovanni; Horn, Janneke; Olasveengen, Theresa; Arabi, Yaseen; Chia, Yew Woon; Markota, Andrej; Hænggi, Matthias; Wise, Matt P; Grejs, Anders M; Christensen, Steffen; Munk-Andersen, Heidi; Granfeldt, Asger; Andersen, Geir Ø; Qvigstad, Eirik; Flaa, Arnljot; Thomas, Matthew; Sweet, Katie; Bewley, Jeremy; Bäcklund, Minna; Tiainen, Marjaana; Iten, Manuela; Levis, Anja; Peck, Leah; Walsham, James; Deane, Adam; Ghosh, Angajendra; Annoni, Filippo; Chen, Yan; Knight, David; Lesona, Eden; Tlayjeh, Haytham; Svenšek, Franc; Mcguigan, Peter J; Cole, Jade; Pogson, David; Hilty, Matthias P; Düring, Joachim P; Bailey, Michael J; Paul, Eldho; Ady, Bridget; Ainscough, Kate; Hunt, Anna; Monahan, Sinéad; Trapani, Tony; Fahey, Ciara; Bellomo, Rinaldo. - In: THE NEW ENGLAND JOURNAL OF MEDICINE. - ISSN 0028-4793. - (In corso di stampa). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1056/NEJMoa2214552]

Mild Hypercapnia or Normocapnia after Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

Landoni, Giovanni;
In corso di stampa

Abstract

Background: Guidelines recommend normocapnia for adults with coma who are resuscitated after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. However, mild hypercapnia increases cerebral blood flow and may improve neurologic outcomes. Methods: We randomly assigned adults with coma who had been resuscitated after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest of presumed cardiac or unknown cause and admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) in a 1:1 ratio to either 24 hours of mild hypercapnia (target partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide [Paco2], 50 to 55 mm Hg) or normocapnia (target Paco2, 35 to 45 mm Hg). The primary outcome was a favorable neurologic outcome, defined as a score of 5 (indicating lower moderate disability) or higher, as assessed with the use of the Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extended (range, 1 [death] to 8, with higher scores indicating better neurologic outcome) at 6 months. Secondary outcomes included death within 6 months. Results: A total of 1700 patients from 63 ICUs in 17 countries were recruited, with 847 patients assigned to targeted mild hypercapnia and 853 to targeted normocapnia. A favorable neurologic outcome at 6 months occurred in 332 of 764 patients (43.5%) in the mild hypercapnia group and in 350 of 784 (44.6%) in the normocapnia group (relative risk, 0.98; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.87 to 1.11; P = 0.76). Death within 6 months after randomization occurred in 393 of 816 patients (48.2%) in the mild hypercapnia group and in 382 of 832 (45.9%) in the normocapnia group (relative risk, 1.05; 95% CI, 0.94 to 1.16). The incidence of adverse events did not differ significantly between groups. Conclusions: In patients with coma who were resuscitated after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, targeted mild hypercapnia did not lead to better neurologic outcomes at 6 months than targeted normocapnia. (Funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia and others; TAME ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT03114033.).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/143676
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