PurposeTo retrospectively assess clinical and radiographic outcomes of immediately loaded full-arch fixed prostheses supported by axial and tilted implants up to 15 years of function. Materials and MethodsPatients with one completely edentulous arch received an immediate full-arch fixed prosthesis supported by two anterior axial and two posterior tilted implants. Definitive prosthesis consisting of a CAD-CAM titanium framework and acrylic teeth was delivered 6 months later. Patients were regularly followed to assess clinical parameters and marginal bone level (MBL) change. Multilevel regression analysis was performed to investigate factors affecting implant failure and MBL. ResultsSix hundred ninety-two implants were placed in 72 maxillae and 101 mandibles. Seven maxillary implants (5 axial and 2 tilted) in 6 patients and 12 mandibular implants (6 axial and 6 tilted) in 5 patients failed. 15-year cumulative implant survival was 97.51% and 96.91% in maxilla and mandible, respectively (p = .64). After 10 years, the difference in MBL between axial and tilted implants was not significant in the maxilla (p = .47, 65 patients), while it was in the mandible (p < .001, 80 patients). Significant higher bone loss was reported in the mandible at both 5- and 10-year follow-up (p < .001 and p = .004, respectively). Mixed-effect multilevel linear regression evidenced a correlation between arch and bone loss at 5- and 10-year follow-up, while no correlation was found with age, gender, smoking, diabetes, and history of periodontal disease. ConclusionThis long-term study suggests that the present technique can be considered a viable treatment modality for the immediate rehabilitation of both maxilla and mandible.

Clinical outcomes of full-arch immediate fixed prostheses supported by two axial and two tilted implants: A retrospective cohort study with 12–15 years of follow-up / Agliardi, E. L.; Pozzi, A.; Romeo, D.; Del , ; Fabbro, M.. - In: CLINICAL ORAL IMPLANTS RESEARCH. - ISSN 0905-7161. - 34:4(2023), pp. 351-366. [10.1111/clr.14047]

Clinical outcomes of full-arch immediate fixed prostheses supported by two axial and two tilted implants: A retrospective cohort study with 12–15 years of follow-up

Agliardi E. L.
Primo
;
2023-01-01

Abstract

PurposeTo retrospectively assess clinical and radiographic outcomes of immediately loaded full-arch fixed prostheses supported by axial and tilted implants up to 15 years of function. Materials and MethodsPatients with one completely edentulous arch received an immediate full-arch fixed prosthesis supported by two anterior axial and two posterior tilted implants. Definitive prosthesis consisting of a CAD-CAM titanium framework and acrylic teeth was delivered 6 months later. Patients were regularly followed to assess clinical parameters and marginal bone level (MBL) change. Multilevel regression analysis was performed to investigate factors affecting implant failure and MBL. ResultsSix hundred ninety-two implants were placed in 72 maxillae and 101 mandibles. Seven maxillary implants (5 axial and 2 tilted) in 6 patients and 12 mandibular implants (6 axial and 6 tilted) in 5 patients failed. 15-year cumulative implant survival was 97.51% and 96.91% in maxilla and mandible, respectively (p = .64). After 10 years, the difference in MBL between axial and tilted implants was not significant in the maxilla (p = .47, 65 patients), while it was in the mandible (p < .001, 80 patients). Significant higher bone loss was reported in the mandible at both 5- and 10-year follow-up (p < .001 and p = .004, respectively). Mixed-effect multilevel linear regression evidenced a correlation between arch and bone loss at 5- and 10-year follow-up, while no correlation was found with age, gender, smoking, diabetes, and history of periodontal disease. ConclusionThis long-term study suggests that the present technique can be considered a viable treatment modality for the immediate rehabilitation of both maxilla and mandible.
2023
axial implants
full-arch fixed prosthesis
immediate loading
marginal bone loss
tilted implants
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/143996
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