Background: New permanent pacemaker implantation (new-PPI) remains a compelling issue after Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR). Previous studies reported the relationship between a short MS length and the new-PPI post-TAVR with a self-expanding THV. However, this relationship has not been investigated in different currently available THV. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the association between membranous septum (MS)-length and new-PPI after TAVR with different Transcatheter Heart Valve (THV)-platforms. Methods: We included patients with a successful TAVR-procedure and an analyzable pre-procedural multi-slice computed tomography. MS-length was measured using a standardized methodology. The primary endpoint was the need for new-PPI within 30 days after TAVR. Results: In total, 1811 patients were enrolled (median age 81.9 years [IQR 77.2–85.4], 54% male). PPI was required in 275 patients (15.2%) and included respectively 14.2%, 20.7% and 6.3% for Sapien3, Evolut and ACURATE-THV(p ​< ​0.01). Median MS-length was significantly shorter in patients with a new-PPI (3.7 ​mm [IQR 2.2–5.1] vs. 4.1 ​mm [IQR 2.8–6.0], p ​= ​<0.01). Shorter MS-length was a predictor for PPI in patients receiving a Sapien3 (OR 0.87 [95% CI 0.79–0.96], p ​= ​<0.01) and an Evolut-THV (OR 0.91 [95% CI 0.84–0.98], p ​= ​0.03), but not for an ACURATE-THV (OR 0.99 [95% CI 0.79–1.21], p ​= ​0.91). By multivariable analysis, first-degree atrioventricular-block (OR 2.01 [95% CI 1.35–3.00], p = <0.01), right bundle branch block (OR 8.33 [95% CI 5.21–13.33], p = <0.01), short MS-length (OR 0.89 [95% CI 0.83–0.97], p ​< ​0.01), annulus area (OR 1.003 [95% CI 1.001–1.005], p ​= ​0.04), NCC implantation depth (OR 1.13 [95% CI 1.07–1.19] and use of Evolut-THV(OR 1.54 [95% CI 1.03–2.27], p ​= ​0.04) were associated with new-PPI. Conclusion: MS length was an independent predictor for PPI across different THV platforms, except for the ACURATE-THV. Based on our study observations within the total cohort, we identified 3 risk groups by MS length: MS length ≤3 ​mm defined a high-risk group for PPI (>20%), MS length 3–7 ​mm intermediate risk for PPI (10–20%) and MS length > 7 ​mm defined a low risk for PPI (<10%). Anatomy-tailored-THV-selection may mitigate the need for new-PPI in patients undergoing TAVR.

Impact of membranous septum length on pacemaker need with different transcatheter aortic valve replacement systems: The INTERSECT registry / Hokken, T. W.; Muhemin, M.; Okuno, T.; Veulemans, V.; Lopes, B. B.; Beneduce, A.; Vittorio, R.; Ooms, J. F.; Adrichem, R.; Neleman, T.; Kardys, I.; Daemen, J.; Chieffo, A.; Montorfano, M.; Cavalcante, J.; Zeus, T.; Pilgrim, T.; Toggweiler, S.; Van Mieghem, N. M.. - In: JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY. - ISSN 1934-5925. - 16:6(2022), pp. 524-530. [10.1016/j.jcct.2022.07.003]

Impact of membranous septum length on pacemaker need with different transcatheter aortic valve replacement systems: The INTERSECT registry

Chieffo A.;Montorfano M.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Background: New permanent pacemaker implantation (new-PPI) remains a compelling issue after Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR). Previous studies reported the relationship between a short MS length and the new-PPI post-TAVR with a self-expanding THV. However, this relationship has not been investigated in different currently available THV. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the association between membranous septum (MS)-length and new-PPI after TAVR with different Transcatheter Heart Valve (THV)-platforms. Methods: We included patients with a successful TAVR-procedure and an analyzable pre-procedural multi-slice computed tomography. MS-length was measured using a standardized methodology. The primary endpoint was the need for new-PPI within 30 days after TAVR. Results: In total, 1811 patients were enrolled (median age 81.9 years [IQR 77.2–85.4], 54% male). PPI was required in 275 patients (15.2%) and included respectively 14.2%, 20.7% and 6.3% for Sapien3, Evolut and ACURATE-THV(p ​< ​0.01). Median MS-length was significantly shorter in patients with a new-PPI (3.7 ​mm [IQR 2.2–5.1] vs. 4.1 ​mm [IQR 2.8–6.0], p ​= ​<0.01). Shorter MS-length was a predictor for PPI in patients receiving a Sapien3 (OR 0.87 [95% CI 0.79–0.96], p ​= ​<0.01) and an Evolut-THV (OR 0.91 [95% CI 0.84–0.98], p ​= ​0.03), but not for an ACURATE-THV (OR 0.99 [95% CI 0.79–1.21], p ​= ​0.91). By multivariable analysis, first-degree atrioventricular-block (OR 2.01 [95% CI 1.35–3.00], p = <0.01), right bundle branch block (OR 8.33 [95% CI 5.21–13.33], p = <0.01), short MS-length (OR 0.89 [95% CI 0.83–0.97], p ​< ​0.01), annulus area (OR 1.003 [95% CI 1.001–1.005], p ​= ​0.04), NCC implantation depth (OR 1.13 [95% CI 1.07–1.19] and use of Evolut-THV(OR 1.54 [95% CI 1.03–2.27], p ​= ​0.04) were associated with new-PPI. Conclusion: MS length was an independent predictor for PPI across different THV platforms, except for the ACURATE-THV. Based on our study observations within the total cohort, we identified 3 risk groups by MS length: MS length ≤3 ​mm defined a high-risk group for PPI (>20%), MS length 3–7 ​mm intermediate risk for PPI (10–20%) and MS length > 7 ​mm defined a low risk for PPI (<10%). Anatomy-tailored-THV-selection may mitigate the need for new-PPI in patients undergoing TAVR.
2022
Computed tomography
Membranous septum length
Permanent pacemaker implantation
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement
Transcatheter heart valves
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/145376
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