Background: Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) is considered a challenging procedure even for surgeons who have completed the learning curve. Objectives: To assess outcomes and complications following HoLEP performed by a highly experienced surgeon. Design, setting, and participants: This was a single-institution prospective study (NCT03583034) performed at a tertiary referral centre that included 243 consecutive patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) due to benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) treated with HoLEP by a single experienced surgeon (>1600 cases). Outcome measurements and statistical analysis: Patients were assessed using validated questionnaires and uroflowmetry at baseline and several follow-up dates. Intraoperative and postoperative complications were recorded. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to estimate recovery rates for urinary continence and erectile function. Logistic regression models were constructed to assess predictors of postoperative complications. Results and limitations: Of the 243 patients, 78 (32.1%) had an indwelling urethral catheter. The median prostate volume (PV) was 87 cm3 (interquartile range 60-115) and 146 patients (59.8%) had PV >80 cm3. At 3-mo follow-up, 219 patients (90.1%) had a peak flow rate >20 ml/s and 182 (74.9%) had no postvoid residual urine. The improvement in subjective symptoms was significant at 1-mo follow-up and was maintained until 12 mo after surgery. Urinary continence recovery was slow, with an estimated rate of 68% (95% confidence interval [CI] 62-74%) at 1 mo and 94% (95% CI 91-97%) at 12 mo after HoLEP. The recovery rate for erectile function was 53% (95% CI 46-61%) at 1 mo and 85% (95% CI 77-90%) at 12 mo. Postoperative complications occurred in 36 patients (14.8%) during their hospital stay, in 34 (14%) within 1 mo following discharge from hospital, and in ten (4.1%) at later follow-up dates. Clinically significant complications (Clavien-Dindo ≥2) were observed in 44 cases (18%) and were more common for patients with an indwelling catheter at baseline (odds ratio 5.05; p = 0.006). Conclusions: HoLEP is an effective procedure for treating LUTS due to BPE, although it is not devoid of complications and sequelae, even in the hands of a highly experienced surgeon. Patient summary: Holmium laser treatment of the prostate to reduce its size has positive results for urinary function when performed by an experienced surgeon, even in complex cases, although there can be complications.
Holmium Laser Enucleation of the Prostate Is Associated with Complications and Sequelae Even in the Hands of an Experienced Surgeon Following Completion of the Learning Curve / Capogrosso, Paolo; Ventimiglia, Eugenio; Fallara, Giuseppe; Schifano, Nicolò; Costa, Antonio; Candela, Luigi; Pellegrino, Francesco; Colandrea, Gianmarco; Cignoli, Daniele; De Angelis, Mario; Belladelli, Federico; Longoni, Mattia; Avesani, Giulio; Lanzaro, Francesco; Scattoni, Vincenzo; Dehò, Federico; Salonia, Andrea; Briganti, Alberto; Montorsi, Francesco. - In: EUROPEAN UROLOGY FOCUS. - ISSN 2405-4569. - (2023). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1016/j.euf.2023.03.018]