Background Compared with normal cells, tumour cells contain elevated levels of reactive oxygen species Increased levels of the antioxidant protein NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) and phosphorylated transducer and activator of transcription 3 (pSTAT3) correlate negatively with the survival of patients with pancreatic cancer. Napabucasin is an investigational, orally administered ROS generator bioactivated by NQO1. Methods In the open-label, phase 3 CanStem111P study (NCT02993731), adults with previously untreated metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma (mPDAC) were randomised (1:1) to napabucasin plus nab-paclitaxel with gemcitabine nab-paclitaxel with gemcitabine alone. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS). In exploratory analyses, was evaluated in the subgroup of patients with tumours positive for pSTAT3 (biomarker-positive). Findings Between 30 January 2017 and 20 February 2019, a total of 1779 patients were screened across 165 study in Austria, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Korea, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Singapore, Spain, Taiwan, Ukraine, and the US. Of the 565 and 569 patients randomised the napabucasin and control treatment arms, respectively, 206 and 176 were biomarker-positive. Median confidence interval [CI]) OS in the napabucasin and control treatment arms was 11.4 (10.5-12.2) and (10.7-12.7) months, respectively (hazard ratio, 1.07; 95% CI, 0.93-1.23). Due to the lack of OS improvement the napabucasin arm, CanStem111P was terminated due to futility. In the biomarker-positive subgroup, difference between treatment arms was found for OS. Grade >= 3 adverse events were reported in 85.4% and 83.9% of napabucasin-treated and control-treated patients, respectively. The incidence of gastrointestinal-related grade >= 3 events was higher with napabucasin (diarrhoea: 11.6% vs 4.9%; abdominal pain: 10.0% vs 4.8%). Interpretation Our findings suggested that although the addition of napabucasin to nab-paclitaxel with gemcitabine did not improve efficacy in patients with previously untreated mPDAC, the safety profile of napabucasin was consistent with previous reports. CanStem111P represents the largest cohort of patients with mPDAC administered nab-paclitaxel with gemcitabine in the clinical trial setting. Our data reinforce the value of nab- paclitaxel plus gemcitabine as a platform for novel therapeutics approaches in mPDAC.

Napabucasin plus nab-paclitaxel with gemcitabine versus nab-paclitaxel with gemcitabine in previously untreated metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma: an adaptive multicentre, randomised, open-label, phase 3, superiority trial / Bekaii-Saab, Tanios; Okusaka, Takuji; Goldstein, David; Oh, Do-Youn; Ueno, Makoto; Ioka, Tatsuya; Fang, Weijia; Anderson, Eric C; Noel, Marcus S; Reni, Michele; Choi, Hye Jin; Goldberg, Jonathan S; Oh, Sang Cheul; Li, Chung-Pin; Tabernero, Josep; Li, Jian; Foos, Emma; Oh, Cindy; Van Cutsem, Eric. - In: ECLINICALMEDICINE. - ISSN 2589-5370. - 58:(2023). [10.1016/j.eclinm.2023.101897]

Napabucasin plus nab-paclitaxel with gemcitabine versus nab-paclitaxel with gemcitabine in previously untreated metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma: an adaptive multicentre, randomised, open-label, phase 3, superiority trial

Reni, Michele;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background Compared with normal cells, tumour cells contain elevated levels of reactive oxygen species Increased levels of the antioxidant protein NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) and phosphorylated transducer and activator of transcription 3 (pSTAT3) correlate negatively with the survival of patients with pancreatic cancer. Napabucasin is an investigational, orally administered ROS generator bioactivated by NQO1. Methods In the open-label, phase 3 CanStem111P study (NCT02993731), adults with previously untreated metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma (mPDAC) were randomised (1:1) to napabucasin plus nab-paclitaxel with gemcitabine nab-paclitaxel with gemcitabine alone. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS). In exploratory analyses, was evaluated in the subgroup of patients with tumours positive for pSTAT3 (biomarker-positive). Findings Between 30 January 2017 and 20 February 2019, a total of 1779 patients were screened across 165 study in Austria, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Korea, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Singapore, Spain, Taiwan, Ukraine, and the US. Of the 565 and 569 patients randomised the napabucasin and control treatment arms, respectively, 206 and 176 were biomarker-positive. Median confidence interval [CI]) OS in the napabucasin and control treatment arms was 11.4 (10.5-12.2) and (10.7-12.7) months, respectively (hazard ratio, 1.07; 95% CI, 0.93-1.23). Due to the lack of OS improvement the napabucasin arm, CanStem111P was terminated due to futility. In the biomarker-positive subgroup, difference between treatment arms was found for OS. Grade >= 3 adverse events were reported in 85.4% and 83.9% of napabucasin-treated and control-treated patients, respectively. The incidence of gastrointestinal-related grade >= 3 events was higher with napabucasin (diarrhoea: 11.6% vs 4.9%; abdominal pain: 10.0% vs 4.8%). Interpretation Our findings suggested that although the addition of napabucasin to nab-paclitaxel with gemcitabine did not improve efficacy in patients with previously untreated mPDAC, the safety profile of napabucasin was consistent with previous reports. CanStem111P represents the largest cohort of patients with mPDAC administered nab-paclitaxel with gemcitabine in the clinical trial setting. Our data reinforce the value of nab- paclitaxel plus gemcitabine as a platform for novel therapeutics approaches in mPDAC.
2023
Adenocarcinoma
Metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma
Napabucasin
Pancreatic cancer
Phosphorylated signal transducer and activator of transcription 3
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/146556
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